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Title: The impact of alternative trait-scaling hypotheses for the maximum photosynthetic carboxylation rate ( V cmax) on global gross primary production [The impact of alternative V cmax trait-scaling hypotheses on global gross primary production]

Here, the maximum photosynthetic carboxylation rate (V cmax) is an influential plant trait that has multiple scaling hypotheses, which is a source of uncertainty in predictive understanding of global gross primary production (GPP). Four trait-scaling hypotheses (plant functional type, nutrient limitation, environmental filtering, and plant plasticity) with nine specific implementations were used to predict global V cmax distributions and their impact on global GPP in the Sheffield Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (SDGVM). Global GPP varied from 108.1 to 128.2 PgC yr –1, 65% of the range of a recent model intercomparison of global GPP. The variation in GPP propagated through to a 27% coefficient of variation in net biome productivity (NBP). All hypotheses produced global GPP that was highly correlated ( r = 0.85–0.91) with three proxies of global GPP. Plant functional type-based nutrient limitation, underpinned by a core SDGVM hypothesis that plant nitrogen (N) status is inversely related to increasing costs of N acquisition with increasing soil carbon, adequately reproduced global GPP distributions. Further improvement could be achieved with accurate representation of water sensitivity and agriculture in SDGVM. Mismatch between environmental filtering (the most data-driven hypothesis) and GPP suggested that greater effort is needed understand V cmax variation inmore » the field, particularly in northern latitudes.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ; ORCiD logo [10] ;  [7]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Sheffield, Western Bank (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Reading, Reading (United Kingdom)
  3. Leiden Univ., Leiden (The Netherlands)
  4. Macquarie Univ., Sydney, NSW (Australia)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  7. Univ. of Sheffield, Western Bank (United Kingdom)
  8. Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  9. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  10. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Phytologist
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 215; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-646X
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; assumption-centred modelling; co-ordination hypothesis; Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (DGVM); gross primary production (GPP); modelling photosynthesis; plant functional traits; terrestrial carbon cycle; trait-based modelling
OSTI Identifier: