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Title: Bragg Coherent Diffractive Imaging of Zinc Oxide Acoustic Phonons at Picosecond Timescales

Abstract

Mesoscale thermal transport is of fundamental interest and practical importance in materials such as thermoelectrics. Coherent lattice vibrations (acoustic phonons) govern thermal transport in crystalline solids and are affected by the shape, size, and defect density in nanoscale materials. The advent of hard x-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) capable of producing ultrafast x-ray pulses has significantly impacted the understanding of acoustic phonons by enabling their direct study with x-rays. However, previous studies have reported ensemble-averaged results that cannot distinguish the impact of mesoscale heterogeneity on the phonon dynamics. Here we use Bragg coherent diffractive imaging (BCDI) to resolve the 4D evolution of the acoustic phonons in a single zinc oxide rod with a spatial resolution of 50 nm and a temporal resolution of 25 picoseconds. We observe homogeneous (lattice breathing/rotation) and inhomogeneous (shear) acoustic phonon modes, which are compared to finite element simulations. We investigate the possibility of changing phonon dynamics by altering the crystal through acid etching. Lastly, we find that the acid heterogeneously dissolves the crystal volume, which will significantly impact the phonon dynamics. In general, our results represent the first step towards understanding the effect of structural properties at the individual crystal level on phonon dynamics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Dept.; Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom). London Center for Nanotechnology
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)
  5. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1376176
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1392993; OSTI ID: 1394093
Report Number(s):
BNL-114155-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; R&D Project: PO011; KC0201060
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-06CH11357; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Materials science; Nanoscale materials; Techniques and instrumentation

Citation Formats

Ulvestad, A., Cherukara, M. J., Harder, R., Cha, W., Robinson, I. K., Soog, S., Nelson, S., Zhu, D., Stephenson, G. B., Heinonen, O., and Jokisaari, A. Bragg Coherent Diffractive Imaging of Zinc Oxide Acoustic Phonons at Picosecond Timescales. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09999-0.
Ulvestad, A., Cherukara, M. J., Harder, R., Cha, W., Robinson, I. K., Soog, S., Nelson, S., Zhu, D., Stephenson, G. B., Heinonen, O., & Jokisaari, A. Bragg Coherent Diffractive Imaging of Zinc Oxide Acoustic Phonons at Picosecond Timescales. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09999-0.
Ulvestad, A., Cherukara, M. J., Harder, R., Cha, W., Robinson, I. K., Soog, S., Nelson, S., Zhu, D., Stephenson, G. B., Heinonen, O., and Jokisaari, A. Tue . "Bragg Coherent Diffractive Imaging of Zinc Oxide Acoustic Phonons at Picosecond Timescales". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09999-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376176.
@article{osti_1376176,
title = {Bragg Coherent Diffractive Imaging of Zinc Oxide Acoustic Phonons at Picosecond Timescales},
author = {Ulvestad, A. and Cherukara, M. J. and Harder, R. and Cha, W. and Robinson, I. K. and Soog, S. and Nelson, S. and Zhu, D. and Stephenson, G. B. and Heinonen, O. and Jokisaari, A.},
abstractNote = {Mesoscale thermal transport is of fundamental interest and practical importance in materials such as thermoelectrics. Coherent lattice vibrations (acoustic phonons) govern thermal transport in crystalline solids and are affected by the shape, size, and defect density in nanoscale materials. The advent of hard x-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) capable of producing ultrafast x-ray pulses has significantly impacted the understanding of acoustic phonons by enabling their direct study with x-rays. However, previous studies have reported ensemble-averaged results that cannot distinguish the impact of mesoscale heterogeneity on the phonon dynamics. Here we use Bragg coherent diffractive imaging (BCDI) to resolve the 4D evolution of the acoustic phonons in a single zinc oxide rod with a spatial resolution of 50 nm and a temporal resolution of 25 picoseconds. We observe homogeneous (lattice breathing/rotation) and inhomogeneous (shear) acoustic phonon modes, which are compared to finite element simulations. We investigate the possibility of changing phonon dynamics by altering the crystal through acid etching. Lastly, we find that the acid heterogeneously dissolves the crystal volume, which will significantly impact the phonon dynamics. In general, our results represent the first step towards understanding the effect of structural properties at the individual crystal level on phonon dynamics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-09999-0},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Ultrafast Three-Dimensional Imaging of Lattice Dynamics in Individual Gold Nanocrystals
    journal, May 2013


    Support nanostructure boosts oxygen transfer to catalytically active platinum nanoparticles
    journal, March 2011

    • Vayssilov, Georgi N.; Lykhach, Yaroslava; Migani, Annapaola
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2976

    Strain-relief by single dislocation loops in calcite crystals grown on self-assembled monolayers
    journal, June 2016

    • Ihli, Johannes; Clark, Jesse N.; Côté, Alexander S.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11878

    Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices
    journal, May 2005

    • Aricò, Antonino Salvatore; Bruce, Peter; Scrosati, Bruno
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5, p. 366-377
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1368

    High-resolution three-dimensional partially coherent diffraction imaging
    journal, January 2012

    • Clark, J. N.; Huang, X.; Harder, R.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1994

    Three-dimensional mapping of a deformation field inside a nanocrystal
    journal, July 2006

    • Pfeifer, Mark A.; Williams, Garth J.; Vartanyants, Ivan A.
    • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7098
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature04867

    Damping of acoustic vibrations in gold nanoparticles
    journal, July 2009

    • Pelton, Matthew; Sader, John E.; Burgin, Julien
    • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.192

    NETGEN An advancing front 2D/3D-mesh generator based on abstract rules
    journal, July 1997


    Three-dimensional imaging of dislocation dynamics during the hydriding phase transformation
    journal, January 2017

    • Ulvestad, A.; Welland, M. J.; Cha, W.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4842

    Three-dimensional imaging of dislocation propagation during crystal growth and dissolution
    journal, June 2015

    • Clark, Jesse N.; Ihli, Johannes; Schenk, Anna S.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4320

    Imaging transient melting of a nanocrystal using an X-ray laser
    journal, June 2015

    • Clark, Jesse N.; Beitra, Loren; Xiong, Gang
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1417678112

    Topological defect dynamics in operando battery nanoparticles
    journal, June 2015


    Significant thermal conductivity reduction of silicon nanowire forests through discrete surface doping of germanium
    journal, March 2015

    • Pan, Ying; Hong, Guo; Raja, Shyamprasad N.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4913879

    Various Facet Tunable ZnO Crystals by a Scalable Solvothermal Synthesis and Their Facet-Dependent Photocatalytic Activities
    journal, October 2014

    • Huang, Mianli; Weng, Sunxian; Wang, Bo
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 44
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp5072567

    Three-dimensional imaging of strain in a single ZnO nanorod
    journal, December 2009

    • Newton, Marcus C.; Leake, Steven J.; Harder, Ross
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2607

    Gmsh: A 3-D finite element mesh generator with built-in pre- and post-processing facilities
    journal, September 2009

    • Geuzaine, Christophe; Remacle, Jean-François
    • International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 79, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1002/nme.2579

    Ultrafast Three-Dimensional X-ray Imaging of Deformation Modes in ZnO Nanocrystals
    journal, January 2017


    Avalanching strain dynamics during the hydriding phase transformation in individual palladium nanoparticles
    journal, December 2015

    • Ulvestad, A.; Welland, M. J.; Collins, S. S. E.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10092

    Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging of strain at the nanoscale
    journal, April 2009

    • Robinson, Ian; Harder, Ross
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2400

    Enhanced thermoelectric performance of rough silicon nanowires
    journal, January 2008

    • Hochbaum, Allon I.; Chen, Renkun; Delgado, Raul Diaz
    • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7175, p. 163-167
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature06381

    Bragg coherent diffractive imaging of single-grain defect dynamics in polycrystalline films
    journal, May 2017


    Thermal conductivity of silicon nanowire arrays with controlled roughness
    journal, December 2012

    • Feser, Joseph P.; Sadhu, Jyothi S.; Azeredo, Bruno P.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 112, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4767456