skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case-study

Abstract

A recently developed technique retrieving the binned raindrop size distributions (DSDs) and air state parameters from ground-based K a and W-band radars Doppler spectra profiles is improved and applied to a typical midlatitude rain event. The retrievals are thoroughly validated against DSD observations of a 2D video disdrometer and independent X-band observations. Here for this case-study, profiles of rain rate, R, mean volume diameter and concentration parameter are retrieved, with low bias and standard deviations. In light rain (0.1 < R < 1 mm h -1), the radar reflectivities must be calibrated with a collocated disdrometer which introduces random errors due to sampling mismatch between the two instruments. The best performances are obtained in moderate rain (1 < R < 20 mm h -1) where the retrieval is providing self-consistent estimates of the absolute calibration and of the attenuation caused by antenna or radome wetness for both radars.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom). Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Atmospheric Sciences Division
  4. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1376170
Report Number(s):
BNL-114145-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-9009; R&D Project: 2016-BNL-EE630EECA-Budg; KP1701000
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; NE/L007169/1
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 704; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-9009
Publisher:
Royal Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; drop size distribution; rain microphysics; midlatitude precipitation; dual-wavelength radar

Citation Formats

Tridon, F., Battaglia, A., Luke, E., and Kollias, P. Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case-study. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/qj.3010.
Tridon, F., Battaglia, A., Luke, E., & Kollias, P. Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case-study. United States. doi:10.1002/qj.3010.
Tridon, F., Battaglia, A., Luke, E., and Kollias, P. Fri . "Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case-study". United States. doi:10.1002/qj.3010. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376170.
@article{osti_1376170,
title = {Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case-study},
author = {Tridon, F. and Battaglia, A. and Luke, E. and Kollias, P.},
abstractNote = {A recently developed technique retrieving the binned raindrop size distributions (DSDs) and air state parameters from ground-based Ka and W-band radars Doppler spectra profiles is improved and applied to a typical midlatitude rain event. The retrievals are thoroughly validated against DSD observations of a 2D video disdrometer and independent X-band observations. Here for this case-study, profiles of rain rate, R, mean volume diameter and concentration parameter are retrieved, with low bias and standard deviations. In light rain (0.1 < R < 1 mm h-1), the radar reflectivities must be calibrated with a collocated disdrometer which introduces random errors due to sampling mismatch between the two instruments. The best performances are obtained in moderate rain (1 < R < 20 mm h-1) where the retrieval is providing self-consistent estimates of the absolute calibration and of the attenuation caused by antenna or radome wetness for both radars.},
doi = {10.1002/qj.3010},
journal = {Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
number = 704,
volume = 143,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Estimation of Rain Intensity Spectra over the Continental United States Using Ground Radar–Gauge Measurements
journal, March 2012


Stratocumulus Liquid Water Content from Dual-Wavelength Radar
journal, August 2005

  • Hogan, Robin J.; Gaussiat, Nicolas; Illingworth, Anthony J.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 22, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH1768.1

Why Mie?: Accurate Observations of Vertical Air Velocities and Raindrops Using a Cloud Radar
journal, October 2002

  • Kollias, Pavlos; Albrecht, B. A.; Marks, F.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-83-10-1471

Reflectivity and Liquid Water Content Vertical Decomposition Diagrams to Diagnose Vertical Evolution of Raindrop Size Distributions
journal, March 2016


Rain Attenuation of Radar Echoes Considering Finite-Range Resolution and Using Drop Size Distributions
journal, May 2010

  • Peters, Gerhard; Fischer, Bernd; Clemens, Marco
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JTECHA1342.1

G band atmospheric radars: new frontiers in cloud physics
journal, January 2014

  • Battaglia, A.; Westbrook, C. D.; Kneifel, S.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-7-1527-2014

Profiles of Raindrop Size Distributions as Retrieved by Microrain Radars
journal, December 2005

  • Peters, Gerhard; Fischer, Bernd; Münster, Hans
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 44, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAM2316.1

Absolute Calibration of 94/95-GHz Radars Using Rain
journal, April 2003


Characteristic Raindrop Size Retrievals from Measurements of Differences in Vertical Doppler Velocities at Ka- and W-Band Radar Frequencies
journal, January 2017


Attenuation and Scattering of Millimeter Wavelength Radiation by Clouds and Precipitation
journal, June 1990


A New Model for the Equilibrium Shape of Raindrops
journal, June 1987


Automated rain rate estimates using the Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR)
journal, January 2015

  • Chandra, A.; Zhang, C.; Kollias, P.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-3685-2015

Doppler radar characteristics of precipitation at vertical incidence
journal, January 1973


Characterization of Vertical Velocity and Drop Size Distribution Parameters in Widespread Precipitation at ARM Facilities
journal, February 2012

  • Giangrande, Scott E.; Luke, Edward P.; Kollias, Pavlos
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05000.1

Disentangling Mie and attenuation effects in rain using a Ka -W dual-wavelength Doppler spectral ratio technique
journal, October 2013

  • Tridon, Frédéric; Battaglia, Alessandro; Kollias, Pavlos
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 20, p. 5548-5552
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057454

The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
journal, May 2014

  • Hou, Arthur Y.; Kakar, Ramesh K.; Neeck, Steven
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00164.1

Automated Retrievals of Precipitation Parameters Using Non-Rayleigh Scattering at 95 GHz
journal, September 2010

  • Giangrande, Scott E.; Luke, Edward P.; Kollias, Pavlos
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JTECHA1343.1

A Climatology of Disdrometer Measurements of Rainfall in Finland over Five Years with Implications for Global Radar Observations
journal, February 2012

  • Leinonen, Jussi; Moisseev, Dmitri; Leskinen, Matti
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-056.1

The Concept of “Normalized” Distribution to Describe Raindrop Spectra: A Tool for Cloud Physics and Cloud Remote Sensing
journal, June 2001


Using Dual-Polarized Radar and Dual-Frequency Profiler for DSD Characterization: A Case Study from Darwin, Australia
journal, October 2009

  • Bringi, V. N.; Williams, C. R.; Thurai, M.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 26, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JTECHA1258.1

The Impact of Evaporation on Polarimetric Characteristics of Rain: Theoretical Model and Practical Implications
journal, June 2010

  • Kumjian, Matthew R.; Ryzhkov, Alexander V.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 49, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JAMC2243.1

The Arm Climate Research Facility: A Review of Structure and Capabilities
journal, March 2013

  • Mather, James H.; Voyles, Jimmy W.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00218.1

Water vapor microwave continuum absorption: A comparison of measurements and models
journal, July 1998


Monitoring the Reflectivity Calibration of a Scanning Radar Using a Profiling Radar and a Disdrometer
journal, July 2005

  • Williams, Christopher R.; Gage, Kenneth S.; Clark, Wallace
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 22, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH1759.1

An Analytical Solution for Raindrop Evaporation and Its Application to Radar Rainfall Measurements
journal, September 2001


An Intercomparison of Model Simulations and VPR Estimates of the Vertical Structure of Warm Stratiform Rainfall during TWP-ICE
journal, November 2008

  • Prat, Olivier P.; Barros, Ana P.; Williams, Christopher R.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 47, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JAMC1801.1

Attenuation-Based Estimates of Rainfall Rates Aloft with Vertically Pointing K a -Band Radars
journal, January 2005

  • Matrosov, Sergey Y.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-1677.1

A Variational Method to Retrieve the Extinction Profile in Liquid Clouds Using Multiple-Field-of-View Lidar
journal, February 2012

  • Pounder, Nicola L.; Hogan, Robin J.; Várnai, Tamás
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05007.1

Comparison of Raindrop Size Distribution Measurements by Collocated Disdrometers
journal, August 2013

  • Tokay, Ali; Petersen, Walter A.; Gatlin, Patrick
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00163.1

The Impact of Raindrop Collisional Processes on the Polarimetric Radar Variables
journal, August 2014

  • Kumjian, Matthew R.; Prat, Olivier P.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 71, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-0357.1

Comparison of Two-Moment Bulk Microphysics Schemes in Idealized Supercell Thunderstorm Simulations
journal, April 2011


The effect of raindrop clustering on collision-induced break-up of raindrops
journal, July 2004

  • McFarquhar, Greg M.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 130, Issue 601
  • DOI: 10.1256/qj.03.98

First observations of triple-frequency radar Doppler spectra in snowfall: Interpretation and applications: TRIPLE-FREQUENCY SPECTRA OF SNOWFALL
journal, March 2016

  • Kneifel, S.; Kollias, P.; Battaglia, A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067618

Differential Doppler Velocity: A Radar Parameter for Characterizing Hydrometeor Size Distributions
journal, June 1997

  • Wilson, Damian R.; Illingworth, Anthony J.; Blackman, T. Mark
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 36, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/1520-0450-36.6.649

Two-Dimensional Video Disdrometer: A Description
journal, May 2002


Sensitivity of a Simulated Midlatitude Squall Line to Parameterization of Raindrop Breakup
journal, August 2012

  • Morrison, Hugh; Tessendorf, Sarah A.; Ikeda, Kyoko
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 140, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00283.1

Profiler Contributions to Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Ground Validation Field Campaigns
journal, June 2002


BAECC: A Field Campaign to Elucidate the Impact of Biogenic Aerosols on Clouds and Climate
journal, October 2016

  • Petäjä, Tuukka; O’Connor, Ewan J.; Moisseev, Dmitri
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 97, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00199.1

An Initial Assessment of the Surface Reference Technique Applied to Data from the Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) on the GPM Satellite
journal, December 2015

  • Meneghini, Robert; Kim, Hyokyung; Liao, Liang
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 32, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0044.1

Drop-Size Distribution Characteristics in Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems
journal, June 2000


Examining the correlations between drop size distribution parameters using data from two side-by-side 2D-video disdrometers
journal, July 2014


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The TRIple-frequency and Polarimetric radar Experiment for improving process observations of winter precipitation
    journal, January 2019

    • Dias Neto, José; Kneifel, Stefan; Ori, Davide
    • Earth System Science Data, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/essd-11-845-2019

    The TRIple-frequency and Polarimetric radar Experiment for improving process observations of winter precipitation
    journal, January 2019

    • Dias Neto, José; Kneifel, Stefan; Ori, Davide
    • Earth System Science Data, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/essd-11-845-2019