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Title: Unravelling the origin of irreversible capacity loss in NaNiO 2 for high voltage sodium ion batteries

Layered transition metal compounds have attracted much attention due to their high theoretical capacity and energy density for sodium ion batteries. However, this kind of material suffers from serious irreversible capacity decay during the charge and discharge process. Here, using synchrotron-based operando transmission X-ray microscopy and high-energy X-ray diffraction combined with electrochemical measurements, the visualization of the dissymmetric phase transformation and structure evolution mechanism of layered NaNiO 2 material during initial charge and discharge cycles are clarified. Phase transformation and deformation of NaNiO 2 during the voltage range of below 3.0 V and over 4.0 V are responsible for the irreversible capacity loss during the first cycling, which is also confirmed by the evolution of reaction kinetics behavior obtained by the galvanostatic intermittent titration technique. Lastly, these findings reveal the origin of the irreversibility of NaNiO 2 and offer valuable insight into the phase transformation mechanism, which will provide underlying guidance for further development of high-performance sodium ion batteries.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [2]
  1. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; AC02-06CH11357
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Irreversible capacity loss; Layered structure materials; High voltage; Synchrotron-based techniques; Sodium-ion batteries
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396400