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Title: Chloroplast genomes: diversity, evolution, and applications in genetic engineering

Chloroplasts play a crucial role in sustaining life on earth. The availability of over 800 sequenced chloroplast genomes from a variety of land plants has enhanced our understanding of chloroplast biology, intracellular gene transfer, conservation, diversity, and the genetic basis by which chloroplast transgenes can be engineered to enhance plant agronomic traits or to produce high-value agricultural or biomedical products. In this review, we discuss the impact of chloroplast genome sequences on understanding the origins of economically important cultivated species and changes that have taken place during domestication. Here, we also discuss the potential biotechnological applications of chloroplast genomes.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan)
Publication Date:
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Genome Biology (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Genome Biology (Online); Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1474-760X
Publisher:
BioMed Central
Research Org:
Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1375954