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Title: Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Dimethylamine Borane by Highly Active Thorium and Uranium Metallocene Complexes

In the thorium and uranium complexes (C 5Me 5) 2AnMe 2, [(C 5Me 5) 2An(H)(μ-H)] 2 (An = Th, U) and [(C 5Me 5) 2U(H)] 2 dehydrogenate dimethylamine borane (Me2NH·BH3) at room temperature. Upon mild heating at 45 °C, turnover frequencies (TOFs) of 400 h –1 are obtained, which is comparable to some of the fastest Me 2NH·BH 3 dehydrogenation catalysts known in the literature. We propose a β-hydride elimination mechanism for dehydrogenation because of the observation of Me 2N=BH 2, Me 2N=BMe 2, and Me 2N=BHMe in the 11B NMR spectra of catalytic and stoichiometric reactions. The similar catalytic metrics between the actinide dimethyl and hydride complexes with Me 2NH·BH 3 indicate that the actinide hydride complexes are the active catalysts in this chemistry.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20515
Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; actinide catalysis; thorium and uranium metallocene complexes; pentamethylcyclopentadienyl ligand; dimethylamine borane; dehydrogenation; dehydrocoupling
OSTI Identifier:
1375874