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Title: DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS

Here, building on the successful experience in operating the DarkSide-50 detector, the DarkSide Collaboration is going to construct DarkSide-20k, a direct WIMP search detector using a two-phase Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) with an active (fiducial) mass of 23 t (20 t). The DarkSide-20k LArTPC will be deployed within a shield/veto with a spherical Liquid Scintillator Veto (LSV) inside a cylindrical Water Cherenkov Veto (WCV). Operation of DarkSide-50 demonstrated a major reduction in the dominant $$^{39}$$Ar background when using argon extracted from an underground source, before applying pulse shape analysis. Data from DarkSide-50, in combination with MC simulation and analytical modeling, shows that a rejection factor for discrimination between electron and nuclear recoils of $$\gt3\times10^9$$ is achievable. This, along with the use of the veto system, is the key to unlocking the path to large LArTPC detector masses, while maintaining an "instrumental background-free" experiment, an experiment in which less than 0.1 events (other than $$\nu$$-induced nuclear recoils) is expected to occur within the WIMP search region during the planned exposure. DarkSide-20k will have ultra-low backgrounds than can be measured in situ. This will give sensitivity to WIMP-nucleon cross sections of $$1.2\times10^{-47}$$ cm$^2$ ($$1.1\times10^{-46}$$ cm$^2$) for WIMPs of $1$ TeV$/c^2$ ($10$ TeV$/c^2$) mass, to be achieved during a 5 yr run producing an exposure of 100 t yr free from any instrumental background. DarkSide-20k could then extend its operation to a decade, increasing the exposure to 200 t yr, reaching a sensitivity of $$7.4\times10^{-48}$$ cm$^2$ ($$6.9\times10^{-47}$$ cm$^2$) for WIMPs of $1$ TeV$/c^2$ ($10$ TeV$/c^2$) mass.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1707.08145; FERMILAB-PUB-17-298-PPD
Journal ID: ISSN 2190-5444; 1611708
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal Plus
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 133; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2190-5444
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1375727

Aalseth, C. E., Acerbi, F., Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alici, A., Alton, A. K., Antonioli, P., Arcelli, S., Ardito, R., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Barrado Olmedo, A. I., Batignani, G., Bertoldo, E., Bettarini, S., Bisogni, M. G., Bocci, V., Bondar, A., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Boulay, M., Bunker, R., Bussino, S., Buzulutskov, A., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cantini, C., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Castellani, A., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Citterio, M., Cocco, A. G., Colocci, M., Corgiolu, S., Covone, G., Crivelli, P., D’Antone, I., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Da Rocha Rolo, M. D., Daniel, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Guido, G., De Rosa, G., Dellacasa, G., Della Valle, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Dolgov, A., Dormia, I., Dussoni, S., Empl, A., Fernandez Diaz, M., Ferri, A., Filip, C., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Froudakis, G. E., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Gendotti, A., Ghisi, A., Giagu, S., Giampa, P., Gibertoni, G., Giganti, C., Giorgi, M. A., Giovanetti, G. K., Gligan, M. L., Gola, A., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grassi, M., Grate, J. W., Grigoriev, G. Y., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guerra, M. B. B., Guerzoni, M., Gulino, M., Haaland, R. K., Hallin, A., Harrop, B., Hoppe, E. W., Horikawa, S., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., Jillings, C., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kim, S., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Kuźniak, M., La Commara, M., Lehnert, B., Li, X., Lissia, M., Lodi, G. U., Loer, B., Longo, G., Loverre, P., Lussana, R., Luzzi, L., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Marcante, M., Margotti, A., Mari, S. M., Mariani, M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Mascia, M., Mayer, M., McDonald, A. B., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Moggi, A., Moioli, S., Monroe, J., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Mu, W., Muratova, V. N., Murphy, S., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nikulin, I., Nosov, V., Nozdrina, A. O., Nurakhov, N. N., Oleinik, A., Oleynikov, V., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Palmas, S., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Paternoster, G., Pavletcov, V., Pazzona, F., Peeters, S., Pelczar, K., Pellegrini, L. A., Pelliccia, N., Perotti, F., Perruzza, R., Pesudo, V., Piemonte, C., Pilo, F., Pocar, A., Pollmann, T., Portaluppi, D., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Radics, B., Raffaelli, F., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Regazzoni, V., Regenfus, C., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Retière, F., Riffard, Q., Rivetti, A., Rizzardini, S., Romani, A., Romero, L., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rubbia, A., Sablone, D., Salatino, P., Samoylov, O., Sánchez García, E., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Scioli, G., Segreto, E., Seifert, A., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Shekhtman, L., Shemyakina, E., Sheshukov, A., Simeone, M., Singh, P. N., Skensved, P., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sobrero, G., Sokolov, A., Sotnikov, A., Speziale, F., Stainforth, R., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Tosi, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Vacca, A., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Verducci, M., Viant, T., Villa, F., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Wahl, J., Walding, J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Williams, R., Wojcik, M. M., Wu, S., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Yllera de Llano, A., Zappa, F., Zappalà, G., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., Zullo, M., Zullo, A., and Zuzel, G.. DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2018-11973-4.
Aalseth, C. E., Acerbi, F., Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alici, A., Alton, A. K., Antonioli, P., Arcelli, S., Ardito, R., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Barrado Olmedo, A. I., Batignani, G., Bertoldo, E., Bettarini, S., Bisogni, M. G., Bocci, V., Bondar, A., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Boulay, M., Bunker, R., Bussino, S., Buzulutskov, A., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cantini, C., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Castellani, A., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Citterio, M., Cocco, A. G., Colocci, M., Corgiolu, S., Covone, G., Crivelli, P., D’Antone, I., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Da Rocha Rolo, M. D., Daniel, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Guido, G., De Rosa, G., Dellacasa, G., Della Valle, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Dolgov, A., Dormia, I., Dussoni, S., Empl, A., Fernandez Diaz, M., Ferri, A., Filip, C., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Froudakis, G. E., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Gendotti, A., Ghisi, A., Giagu, S., Giampa, P., Gibertoni, G., Giganti, C., Giorgi, M. A., Giovanetti, G. K., Gligan, M. L., Gola, A., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grassi, M., Grate, J. W., Grigoriev, G. Y., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guerra, M. B. B., Guerzoni, M., Gulino, M., Haaland, R. K., Hallin, A., Harrop, B., Hoppe, E. W., Horikawa, S., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., Jillings, C., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kim, S., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Kuźniak, M., La Commara, M., Lehnert, B., Li, X., Lissia, M., Lodi, G. U., Loer, B., Longo, G., Loverre, P., Lussana, R., Luzzi, L., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Marcante, M., Margotti, A., Mari, S. M., Mariani, M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Mascia, M., Mayer, M., McDonald, A. B., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Moggi, A., Moioli, S., Monroe, J., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Mu, W., Muratova, V. N., Murphy, S., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nikulin, I., Nosov, V., Nozdrina, A. O., Nurakhov, N. N., Oleinik, A., Oleynikov, V., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Palmas, S., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Paternoster, G., Pavletcov, V., Pazzona, F., Peeters, S., Pelczar, K., Pellegrini, L. A., Pelliccia, N., Perotti, F., Perruzza, R., Pesudo, V., Piemonte, C., Pilo, F., Pocar, A., Pollmann, T., Portaluppi, D., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Radics, B., Raffaelli, F., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Regazzoni, V., Regenfus, C., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Retière, F., Riffard, Q., Rivetti, A., Rizzardini, S., Romani, A., Romero, L., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rubbia, A., Sablone, D., Salatino, P., Samoylov, O., Sánchez García, E., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Scioli, G., Segreto, E., Seifert, A., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Shekhtman, L., Shemyakina, E., Sheshukov, A., Simeone, M., Singh, P. N., Skensved, P., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sobrero, G., Sokolov, A., Sotnikov, A., Speziale, F., Stainforth, R., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Tosi, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Vacca, A., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Verducci, M., Viant, T., Villa, F., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Wahl, J., Walding, J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Williams, R., Wojcik, M. M., Wu, S., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Yllera de Llano, A., Zappa, F., Zappalà, G., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., Zullo, M., Zullo, A., & Zuzel, G.. DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS. United States. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2018-11973-4.
Aalseth, C. E., Acerbi, F., Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alici, A., Alton, A. K., Antonioli, P., Arcelli, S., Ardito, R., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Barrado Olmedo, A. I., Batignani, G., Bertoldo, E., Bettarini, S., Bisogni, M. G., Bocci, V., Bondar, A., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Boulay, M., Bunker, R., Bussino, S., Buzulutskov, A., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Cantini, C., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Castellani, A., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Citterio, M., Cocco, A. G., Colocci, M., Corgiolu, S., Covone, G., Crivelli, P., D’Antone, I., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Da Rocha Rolo, M. D., Daniel, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Guido, G., De Rosa, G., Dellacasa, G., Della Valle, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Dolgov, A., Dormia, I., Dussoni, S., Empl, A., Fernandez Diaz, M., Ferri, A., Filip, C., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Froudakis, G. E., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Gendotti, A., Ghisi, A., Giagu, S., Giampa, P., Gibertoni, G., Giganti, C., Giorgi, M. A., Giovanetti, G. K., Gligan, M. L., Gola, A., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grassi, M., Grate, J. W., Grigoriev, G. Y., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guerra, M. B. B., Guerzoni, M., Gulino, M., Haaland, R. K., Hallin, A., Harrop, B., Hoppe, E. W., Horikawa, S., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., Jillings, C., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kim, S., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Kuźniak, M., La Commara, M., Lehnert, B., Li, X., Lissia, M., Lodi, G. U., Loer, B., Longo, G., Loverre, P., Lussana, R., Luzzi, L., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Marcante, M., Margotti, A., Mari, S. M., Mariani, M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Mascia, M., Mayer, M., McDonald, A. B., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Moggi, A., Moioli, S., Monroe, J., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Mu, W., Muratova, V. N., Murphy, S., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nikulin, I., Nosov, V., Nozdrina, A. O., Nurakhov, N. N., Oleinik, A., Oleynikov, V., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Palmas, S., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Paternoster, G., Pavletcov, V., Pazzona, F., Peeters, S., Pelczar, K., Pellegrini, L. A., Pelliccia, N., Perotti, F., Perruzza, R., Pesudo, V., Piemonte, C., Pilo, F., Pocar, A., Pollmann, T., Portaluppi, D., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Radics, B., Raffaelli, F., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Regazzoni, V., Regenfus, C., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Retière, F., Riffard, Q., Rivetti, A., Rizzardini, S., Romani, A., Romero, L., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rubbia, A., Sablone, D., Salatino, P., Samoylov, O., Sánchez García, E., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Scioli, G., Segreto, E., Seifert, A., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Shekhtman, L., Shemyakina, E., Sheshukov, A., Simeone, M., Singh, P. N., Skensved, P., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sobrero, G., Sokolov, A., Sotnikov, A., Speziale, F., Stainforth, R., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Tosi, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Vacca, A., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Verducci, M., Viant, T., Villa, F., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Wahl, J., Walding, J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Williams, R., Wojcik, M. M., Wu, S., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Yllera de Llano, A., Zappa, F., Zappalà, G., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., Zullo, M., Zullo, A., and Zuzel, G.. 2018. "DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS". United States. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2018-11973-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1375727.
@article{osti_1375727,
title = {DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS},
author = {Aalseth, C. E. and Acerbi, F. and Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alici, A. and Alton, A. K. and Antonioli, P. and Arcelli, S. and Ardito, R. and Arnquist, I. J. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. and Back, H. O. and Barrado Olmedo, A. I. and Batignani, G. and Bertoldo, E. and Bettarini, S. and Bisogni, M. G. and Bocci, V. and Bondar, A. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bossa, M. and Bottino, B. and Boulay, M. and Bunker, R. and Bussino, S. and Buzulutskov, A. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Caminata, A. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Cantini, C. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Carpinelli, M. and Castellani, A. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Cavuoti, S. and Cereseto, R. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cifarelli, L. and Citterio, M. and Cocco, A. G. and Colocci, M. and Corgiolu, S. and Covone, G. and Crivelli, P. and D’Antone, I. and D’Incecco, M. and D’Urso, D. and Da Rocha Rolo, M. D. and Daniel, M. and Davini, S. and de Candia, A. and De Cecco, S. and De Deo, M. and De Filippis, G. and De Guido, G. and De Rosa, G. and Dellacasa, G. and Della Valle, M. and Demontis, P. and Derbin, A. and Devoto, A. and Di Eusanio, F. and Di Pietro, G. and Dionisi, C. and Dolgov, A. and Dormia, I. and Dussoni, S. and Empl, A. and Fernandez Diaz, M. and Ferri, A. and Filip, C. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Froudakis, G. E. and Gabriele, F. and Gabrieli, A. and Galbiati, C. and Garcia Abia, P. and Gendotti, A. and Ghisi, A. and Giagu, S. and Giampa, P. and Gibertoni, G. and Giganti, C. and Giorgi, M. A. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Gligan, M. L. and Gola, A. and Gorchakov, O. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Grassi, M. and Grate, J. W. and Grigoriev, G. Y. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guerra, M. B. B. and Guerzoni, M. and Gulino, M. and Haaland, R. K. and Hallin, A. and Harrop, B. and Hoppe, E. W. and Horikawa, S. and Hosseini, B. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, An. and Jillings, C. and Johnson, T. N. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kim, S. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Kuss, M. and Kuźniak, M. and La Commara, M. and Lehnert, B. and Li, X. and Lissia, M. and Lodi, G. U. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Loverre, P. and Lussana, R. and Luzzi, L. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mapelli, L. and Marcante, M. and Margotti, A. and Mari, S. M. and Mariani, M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Mascia, M. and Mayer, M. and McDonald, A. B. and Messina, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Moggi, A. and Moioli, S. and Monroe, J. and Monte, A. and Morrocchi, M. and Mount, B. J. and Mu, W. and Muratova, V. N. and Murphy, S. and Musico, P. and Nania, R. and Navrer Agasson, A. and Nikulin, I. and Nosov, V. and Nozdrina, A. O. and Nurakhov, N. N. and Oleinik, A. and Oleynikov, V. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Palmas, S. and Pandola, L. and Pantic, E. and Paoloni, E. and Paternoster, G. and Pavletcov, V. and Pazzona, F. and Peeters, S. and Pelczar, K. and Pellegrini, L. A. and Pelliccia, N. and Perotti, F. and Perruzza, R. and Pesudo, V. and Piemonte, C. and Pilo, F. and Pocar, A. and Pollmann, T. and Portaluppi, D. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Radics, B. and Raffaelli, F. and Ragusa, F. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Regazzoni, V. and Regenfus, C. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Retière, F. and Riffard, Q. and Rivetti, A. and Rizzardini, S. and Romani, A. and Romero, L. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Rubbia, A. and Sablone, D. and Salatino, P. and Samoylov, O. and Sánchez García, E. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Sant, M. and Santorelli, R. and Savarese, C. and Scapparone, E. and Schlitzer, B. and Scioli, G. and Segreto, E. and Seifert, A. and Semenov, D. A. and Shchagin, A. and Shekhtman, L. and Shemyakina, E. and Sheshukov, A. and Simeone, M. and Singh, P. N. and Skensved, P. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sobrero, G. and Sokolov, A. and Sotnikov, A. and Speziale, F. and Stainforth, R. and Stanford, C. and Suffritti, G. B. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Tosi, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Vacca, A. and Vázquez-Jáuregui, E. and Verducci, M. and Viant, T. and Villa, F. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Wahl, J. and Walding, J. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Williams, R. and Wojcik, M. M. and Wu, S. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Yllera de Llano, A. and Zappa, F. and Zappalà, G. and Zhu, C. and Zichichi, A. and Zullo, M. and Zullo, A. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, building on the successful experience in operating the DarkSide-50 detector, the DarkSide Collaboration is going to construct DarkSide-20k, a direct WIMP search detector using a two-phase Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) with an active (fiducial) mass of 23 t (20 t). The DarkSide-20k LArTPC will be deployed within a shield/veto with a spherical Liquid Scintillator Veto (LSV) inside a cylindrical Water Cherenkov Veto (WCV). Operation of DarkSide-50 demonstrated a major reduction in the dominant $^{39}$Ar background when using argon extracted from an underground source, before applying pulse shape analysis. Data from DarkSide-50, in combination with MC simulation and analytical modeling, shows that a rejection factor for discrimination between electron and nuclear recoils of $\gt3\times10^9$ is achievable. This, along with the use of the veto system, is the key to unlocking the path to large LArTPC detector masses, while maintaining an "instrumental background-free" experiment, an experiment in which less than 0.1 events (other than $\nu$-induced nuclear recoils) is expected to occur within the WIMP search region during the planned exposure. DarkSide-20k will have ultra-low backgrounds than can be measured in situ. This will give sensitivity to WIMP-nucleon cross sections of $1.2\times10^{-47}$ cm$^2$ ($1.1\times10^{-46}$ cm$^2$) for WIMPs of $1$ TeV$/c^2$ ($10$ TeV$/c^2$) mass, to be achieved during a 5 yr run producing an exposure of 100 t yr free from any instrumental background. DarkSide-20k could then extend its operation to a decade, increasing the exposure to 200 t yr, reaching a sensitivity of $7.4\times10^{-48}$ cm$^2$ ($6.9\times10^{-47}$ cm$^2$) for WIMPs of $1$ TeV$/c^2$ ($10$ TeV$/c^2$) mass.},
doi = {10.1140/epjp/i2018-11973-4},
journal = {European Physical Journal Plus},
number = 3,
volume = 133,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}