skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Activation of CO 2 by Vanadium Nitrogenase

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine CA 92697-3900 USA
  2. Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine CA 92697-3900 USA, Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine CA 92697-2025 USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1375480
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014470
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry - An Asian Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Chemistry - An Asian Journal Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 1861-4728
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sickerman, Nathaniel S., Hu, Yilin, and Ribbe, Markus W. Activation of CO2 by Vanadium Nitrogenase. United Kingdom: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/asia.201700624.
Sickerman, Nathaniel S., Hu, Yilin, & Ribbe, Markus W. Activation of CO2 by Vanadium Nitrogenase. United Kingdom. doi:10.1002/asia.201700624.
Sickerman, Nathaniel S., Hu, Yilin, and Ribbe, Markus W. Wed . "Activation of CO2 by Vanadium Nitrogenase". United Kingdom. doi:10.1002/asia.201700624.
@article{osti_1375480,
title = {Activation of CO2 by Vanadium Nitrogenase},
author = {Sickerman, Nathaniel S. and Hu, Yilin and Ribbe, Markus W.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/asia.201700624},
journal = {Chemistry - An Asian Journal},
number = 16,
volume = 12,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/asia.201700624

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Localization of a Catalytic Intermediate Bound to the FeMo-cofactor of Nitrogenase
journal, June 2004

  • Igarashi, Robert Y.; Dos Santos, Patricia C.; Niehaus, Walter G.
  • Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 279, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M403194200

ATP-Independent Formation of Hydrocarbons Catalyzed by Isolated Nitrogenase Cofactors
journal, January 2012

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 124, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201108916

Production and isolation of vanadium nitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii by molybdenum depletion
journal, December 2016

  • Sippel, Daniel; Schlesier, Julia; Rohde, Michael
  • JBIC Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00775-016-1423-2

Uncoupling binding of substrate CO from turnover by vanadium nitrogenase
journal, October 2015

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Fay, Aaron W.; Weng, Tsu-Chien
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1519696112

The gene encoding dinitrogenase reductase 2 is required for expression of the second alternative nitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii.
journal, July 1991


Mechanism of Nitrogen Fixation by Nitrogenase: The Next Stage
journal, January 2014

  • Hoffman, Brian M.; Lukoyanov, Dmitriy; Yang, Zhi-Yong
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr400641x

Divalent lanthanide derivatives in organic synthesis. 1. Mild preparation of samarium iodide and ytterbium iodide and their use as reducing or coupling agents
journal, April 1980

  • Girard, P.; Namy, J. L.; Kagan, H. B.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 102, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00528a029

Crystallographic structure of the nitrogenase iron protein from Azotobacter vinelandii
journal, September 1992


Fischer−Tropsch Synthesis Using H 2 /CO/CO 2 Syngas Mixtures over a Cobalt Catalyst
journal, November 2010

  • Yao, Yali; Hildebrandt, Diane; Glasser, David
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 49, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie100414y

Biosynthesis of Nitrogenase Metalloclusters
journal, December 2013

  • Ribbe, Markus W.; Hu, Yilin; Hodgson, Keith O.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr400463x

Isolation of Two Forms of the Nitrogenase VFe Protein from Azotobacter vinelandii
journal, January 1996

  • Blanchard, Carol Z.; Hales, Brian J.
  • Biochemistry, Vol. 35, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/bi951429j

ATP-dependent reduction of azide and HCN by N2-fixing enzymes of Azotobacter vinelandii and Clostridium pasteurianum
journal, May 1967


Unique features of the nitrogenase VFe protein from Azotobacter vinelandii
journal, May 2009

  • Lee, C. C.; Hu, Y.; Ribbe, M. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0904408106

Differential Reduction of CO 2 by Molybdenum and Vanadium Nitrogenases
journal, September 2014

  • Rebelein, Johannes G.; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201406863

Large-scale purification of high activity Azotobacter vinelandii nitrogenase
journal, July 1980

  • Burgess, Barbara K.; Jacobs, Deloria B.; Stiefel, Edward I.
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Enzymology, Vol. 614, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/0005-2744(80)90180-1

Nitrogen Fixation by Azotobacter vinelandii Strains Having Deletions in Structural Genes for Nitrogenase
journal, April 1986


Ligand binding to the FeMo-cofactor: Structures of CO-bound and reactivated nitrogenase
journal, September 2014


A Unified Electrocatalytic Description of the Action of Inhibitors of Nickel Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, Vincent C. -C.; Can, Mehmet; Pierce, Elizabeth
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja308493k

Electron Transfer within Nitrogenase: Evidence for a Deficit-Spending Mechanism
journal, November 2011

  • Danyal, Karamatullah; Dean, Dennis R.; Hoffman, Brian M.
  • Biochemistry, Vol. 50, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/bi201003a

ATP- and Iron−Protein-Independent Activation of Nitrogenase Catalysis by Light
journal, October 2010

  • Roth, Lauren E.; Nguyen, Joey C.; Tezcan, F. Akif
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja1071866

Reduction of C 1 Substrates to Hydrocarbons by the Homometallic Precursor and Synthetic Mimic of the Nitrogenase Cofactor
journal, January 2017

  • Sickerman, Nathaniel S.; Tanifuji, Kazuki; Lee, Chi Chung
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b11633

Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: Effect of CO2 containing syngas over Pt promoted Co/γ-Al2O3 and K-promoted Fe catalysts
journal, June 2011

  • Gnanamani, Muthu Kumaran; Shafer, Wilson D.; Sparks, Dennis E.
  • Catalysis Communications, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.catcom.2011.03.002

Aggregation state and reducing power of the samarium diiodide–DMPU complex in acetonitrile
journal, October 2000


X-ray absorption of Azotobacter vinelandii vanadium nitrogenase
journal, June 1988

  • George, G. N.; Coyle, C. L.; Hales, B. J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 110, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00220a066

Nitrogenase reactivity with P-cluster variants
journal, September 2005

  • Hu, Y.; Corbett, M. C.; Fay, A. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0506967102

Tracing the Hydrogen Source of Hydrocarbons Formed by Vanadium Nitrogenase
journal, April 2011

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 50, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201100869

R UBISCO : Structure, Regulatory Interactions, and Possibilities for a Better Enzyme
journal, June 2002


Ethane formation from acetylene as a potential test for vanadium nitrogenase in vivo
journal, May 1987

  • Dilworth, Michael J.; Eady, Robert R.; Robson, Robert L.
  • Nature, Vol. 327, Issue 6118
  • DOI: 10.1038/327167a0

Bacterial Alternative Nitrogen Fixation Systems
journal, January 1988

  • Joerger, Rolf D.; Bishop, Paul E.; Evans, Harold J.
  • CRC Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Vol. 16, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3109/10408418809104465

Activation and reduction of carbon dioxide by nitrogenase iron proteins
journal, November 2016

  • Rebelein, Johannes G.; Stiebritz, Martin T.; Lee, Chi Chung
  • Nature Chemical Biology, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.2245

Flavodoxin hydroquinone reduces Azotobacter vinelandii Fe protein to the all-ferrous redox state with a S = 0 spin state
journal, November 2006

  • Lowery, T. J.; Wilson, P. E.; Zhang, B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0603223103

Differential Reduction of CO 2 by Molybdenum and Vanadium Nitrogenases
journal, September 2014

  • Rebelein, Johannes G.; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 126, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201406863

A global review of energy consumption, CO 2 emissions and policy in the residential sector (with an overview of the top ten CO 2 emitting countries)
journal, March 2015

  • Nejat, Payam; Jomehzadeh, Fatemeh; Taheri, Mohammad Mahdi
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 43
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.11.066

A review of harvesting clean fuels from enzymatic CO 2 reduction
journal, January 2016

  • Sultana, Sabiha; Chandra Sahoo, Prakash; Martha, Satyabadi
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 6, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6RA05472B

Structure and Reactivity of an Asymmetric Synthetic Mimic of Nitrogenase Cofactor
journal, November 2016

  • Tanifuji, Kazuki; Sickerman, Nathaniel; Lee, Chi Chung
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 128, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201608806

Tracing the Hydrogen Source of Hydrocarbons Formed by Vanadium Nitrogenase
journal, April 2011

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 123, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201100869

Carbonyl sulfide and carbon dioxide as new substrates, and carbon disulfide as a new inhibitor, of nitrogenase
journal, April 1995

  • Seefeldt, Lance C.; Rasche, Madeline E.; Ensign, Scott A.
  • Biochemistry, Vol. 34, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00016a009

Nitrogenase Fe protein: A molybdate/homocitrate insertase
journal, October 2006

  • Hu, Y.; Corbett, M. C.; Fay, A. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602651103

Role of CO2 in the initiation of chain growth and alcohol formation during the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
journal, June 1997


Structure of ADP·AIF4–-stabilized nitrogenase complex and its implications for signal transduction
journal, May 1997

  • Schindelin, Hermann; Kisker, Caroline; Schlessman, Jamie L.
  • Nature, Vol. 387, Issue 6631
  • DOI: 10.1038/387370a0

Mechanism of Molybdenum Nitrogenase
journal, January 1996

  • Burgess, Barbara K.; Lowe, David J.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 96, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr950055x

Conformational variability in structures of the nitrogenase iron proteins from Azotobacter vinelandii and Clostridium pasteurianum
journal, July 1998

  • Schlessman, Jamie L.; Woo, Deborah; Joshua-Tor, Leemor
  • Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 280, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1998.1898

X-ray Emission Spectroscopy Evidences a Central Carbon in the Nitrogenase Iron-Molybdenum Cofactor
journal, November 2011


Molybdenum Nitrogenase Catalyzes the Reduction and Coupling of CO to Form Hydrocarbons
journal, March 2011

  • Yang, Zhi-Yong; Dean, Dennis R.; Seefeldt, Lance C.
  • Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 286, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.229344

Light-driven dinitrogen reduction catalyzed by a CdS:nitrogenase MoFe protein biohybrid
journal, April 2016


Vanadium Nitrogenase Reduces CO
journal, August 2010


ATP-independent substrate reduction by nitrogenase P-cluster variant
journal, April 2012

  • Lee, C. C.; Hu, Y.; Ribbe, M. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1202429109

Catalytic Reduction of CN , CO, and CO 2 by Nitrogenase Cofactors in Lanthanide-Driven Reactions
journal, November 2014

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201410412

Wie der [NiFe 4 S 4 ]-Cluster der CO-Dehydrogenase CO 2 und NCO aktiviert
journal, April 2015

  • Fesseler, Jochen; Jeoung, Jae-Hun; Dobbek, Holger
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 127, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201501778

Structure and Reactivity of an Asymmetric Synthetic Mimic of Nitrogenase Cofactor
journal, November 2016

  • Tanifuji, Kazuki; Sickerman, Nathaniel; Lee, Chi Chung
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201608806

An All-ferrous State of the Fe Protein of Nitrogenase: INTERACTION WITH NUCLEOTIDES AND ELECTRON TRANSFER TO THE MoFe PROTEIN
journal, October 1998

  • Angove, Hayley C.; Yoo, Sun Jae; Münck, Eckard
  • Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.41.26330

Vanadium K-edge X-ray absorption spectrum of the VFe protein of the vanadium nitrogenase of Azotobacter chroococcum
journal, January 1987

  • Arber, Judith M.; Dobson, Barry R.; Eady, Robert R.
  • Nature, Vol. 325, Issue 6102
  • DOI: 10.1038/325372a0

Vanadium nitrogenase: A two-hit wonder?
journal, January 2012

  • Hu, Yilin; Lee, Chi Chung; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Dalton Trans., Vol. 41, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1DT11535A

Investigation of CO bound to inhibited forms of nitrogenase MoFe protein by 13C ENDOR
journal, August 1995

  • Pollock, Robert C.; Lee, Hong-In; Cameron, Linda M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 117, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00138a033

Molybdenum and tungsten-containing formate dehydrogenases: Aiming to inspire a catalyst for carbon dioxide utilization
journal, January 2017


The in vivo hydrocarbon formation by vanadium nitrogenase follows a secondary metabolic pathway
journal, December 2016

  • Rebelein, Johannes G.; Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13641

Nitrogenase MoFe-Protein at 1.16 A Resolution: A Central Ligand in the FeMo-Cofactor
journal, September 2002


Infrared spectroscopy of the nitrogenase MoFe protein under electrochemical control: potential-triggered CO binding
journal, January 2017

  • Paengnakorn, P.; Ash, P. A.; Shaw, S.
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6SC02860H

The vanadium-iron protein of vanadium nitrogenase from Azotobacter chroococcum contains an iron-vanadium cofactor
journal, February 1988

  • Smith, B. E.; Eady, R. R.; Lowe, D. J.
  • Biochemical Journal, Vol. 250, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1042/bj2500299

Cross-Functionality of Nitrogenase Components NifH1 and VnfH in Anabaena variabilis
journal, August 2006

  • Pratte, B. S.; Eplin, K.; Thiel, T.
  • Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 188, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1128/JB.00618-06

Catalytic Reduction of CN , CO, and CO 2 by Nitrogenase Cofactors in Lanthanide-Driven Reactions
journal, November 2014

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 127, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201410412

Iron-sulfur clusters in the molybdenum-iron protein component of nitrogenase. Electron paramagnetic resonance of the carbon monoxide inhibited state
journal, October 1979

  • Davis, Lawrence C.; Henzl, Michael T.; Burris, R. H.
  • Biochemistry, Vol. 18, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00589a014

Evidence That the P i Release Event Is the Rate-Limiting Step in the Nitrogenase Catalytic Cycle
journal, June 2016


Structure−Function Relationships of Alternative Nitrogenases
journal, January 1996


How the [NiFe 4 S 4 ] Cluster of CO Dehydrogenase Activates CO 2 and NCO
journal, April 2015

  • Fesseler, Jochen; Jeoung, Jae-Hun; Dobbek, Holger
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501778

Role of water-gas-shift reaction in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis on iron catalysts: A review
journal, October 2016


Characterization of an Intermediate in the Reduction of Acetylene by the Nitrogenase α-Gln 195 MoFe Protein by Q-band EPR and 13 C, 1 H ENDOR
journal, June 2000

  • Lee, Hong-In; Sørlie, Morten; Christiansen, Jason
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 122, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja000542g

A role for nickel–iron cofactors in biological carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide utilization
journal, April 2011


Genome Sequence of Azotobacter vinelandii, an Obligate Aerobe Specialized To Support Diverse Anaerobic Metabolic Processes
journal, May 2009

  • Setubal, J. C.; dos Santos, P.; Goldman, B. S.
  • Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 191, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1128/JB.00504-09

CO Binding to the FeMo Cofactor of CO-Inhibited Nitrogenase:  13 CO and 1 H Q-Band ENDOR Investigation
journal, October 1997

  • Lee, Hong-In; Cameron, Linda M.; Hales, Brian J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 119, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja9715096

P-cluster maturation on nitrogenase MoFe protein
journal, June 2007

  • Hu, Y.; Fay, A. W.; Lee, C. C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0704297104

ATP-Independent Formation of Hydrocarbons Catalyzed by Isolated Nitrogenase Cofactors
journal, January 2012

  • Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201108916

A comprehensive mechanism for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
journal, October 1981


Characterization of Isolated Nitrogenase FeVco
journal, September 2010

  • Fay, Aaron W.; Blank, Michael A.; Lee, Chi Chung
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja1019657

Nitrogenase bioelectrocatalysis: heterogeneous ammonia and hydrogen production by MoFe protein
journal, January 2016

  • Milton, Ross D.; Abdellaoui, Sofiene; Khadka, Nimesh
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01432A

Structural Basis of Cyanide Inhibition of Ni, Fe-Containing Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase
journal, July 2009

  • Jeoung, Jae-Hun; Dobbek, Holger
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja9046476

The vanadium nitrogenase of Azotobacter chroococcum. Reduction of acetylene and ethylene to ethane
journal, February 1988

  • Dilworth, M. J.; Eady, R. R.; Eldridge, M. E.
  • Biochemical Journal, Vol. 249, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1042/bj2490745

Widening the Product Profile of Carbon Dioxide Reduction by Vanadium Nitrogenase
journal, August 2015

  • Rebelein, Johannes G.; Hu, Yilin; Ribbe, Markus W.
  • ChemBioChem, Vol. 16, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201500305

Stepwise formation of P-cluster in nitrogenase MoFe protein
journal, October 2009

  • Lee, C. C.; Blank, M. A.; Fay, A. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909149106

Solution and Solid-State Characterization of EuII Chelates: A Possible Route Towards Redox Responsive MRI Contrast Agents
journal, October 2000


A fuel-producing microbe
journal, January 2017


Is samarium diiodide an inner- or outer-sphere electron donating agent?
journal, January 1999

  • Enemærke, Rasmus J.; Daasbjerg, Kim; Skrydstrup, Troels
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/a809277j

A review of the existing and alternative methods for greener nitrogen fixation
journal, April 2015

  • Cherkasov, N.; Ibhadon, A. O.; Fitzpatrick, P.
  • Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, Vol. 90
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cep.2015.02.004

Isolation of a new vanadium-containing nitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii
journal, November 1986

  • Hales, Brian J.; Case, Ellen E.; Morningstar, Joyce E.
  • Biochemistry, Vol. 25, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00371a001

CO 2 Reduction Catalyzed by Nitrogenase: Pathways to Formate, Carbon Monoxide, and Methane
journal, August 2016


Carbon dioxide reduction to methane and coupling with acetylene to form propylene catalyzed by remodeled nitrogenase
journal, November 2012

  • Yang, Z. -Y.; Moure, V. R.; Dean, D. R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1213159109

The vanadium nitrogenase of Azotobacter chroococcum. Purification and properties of the VFe protein
journal, May 1987

  • Eady, R. R.; Robson, R. L.; Richardson, T. H.
  • Biochemical Journal, Vol. 244, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1042/bj2440197

Inhibition of nitrogenase-catalyzed reductions
journal, January 1973

  • Hwang, J. C.; Chen, C. H.; Burris, R. H.
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics, Vol. 292, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(73)90270-3

Evidence for Interstitial Carbon in Nitrogenase FeMo Cofactor
journal, November 2011


Extending the Carbon Chain: Hydrocarbon Formation Catalyzed by Vanadium/Molybdenum Nitrogenases
journal, August 2011


Instantaneous, stoichiometric generation of powerfully reducing states of protein active sites using Eu(ii) and polyaminocarboxylate ligands
journal, January 2003

  • Vincent, Kylie A.; Tilley, Gareth J.; Quammie, Nina C.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/b308188e

Identification of the CO-Binding Cluster in Nitrogenase MoFe Protein by ENDOR of 57 Fe Isotopomers
journal, January 1996

  • Christie, Patricia D.; Lee, Hong-In; Cameron, Linda M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 118, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja961289g

When the inhibitor tells more than the substrate: the cyanide-bound state of a carbon monoxide dehydrogenase
journal, January 2016

  • Ciaccafava, Alexandre; Tombolelli, Daria; Domnik, Lilith
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5SC04554A

Nitrogenase Complexes: Multiple Docking Sites for a Nucleotide Switch Protein
journal, August 2005


Structural Models of the [Fe 4 S 4 ] Clusters of Homologous Nitrogenase Fe Proteins
journal, August 2011

  • Blank, Michael A.; Lee, Chi Chung; Hu, Yilin
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 50, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic200636k