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Title: Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material

Abstract

Knowledge of the viscosity of particles containing secondary organic material (SOM) is useful for predicting reaction rates and diffusion in SOM particles. In this study we investigate the viscosity of SOM particles as a function of relative humidity and SOM particle mass concentration, during SOM synthesis. The SOM was generated via the ozonolysis of α-pinene at < 5 % relative humidity (RH). Experiments were carried out using the poke-and-flow technique, which measures the experimental flow time (τexp, flow) of SOM after poking the material with a needle. In the first set of experiments, we show that τexp, flow increased by a factor of 3600 as the RH increased from < 0.5 RH to 50 % RH, for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m-3. Based on simulations, the viscosities of the particles were between 6 × 105 and 5 × 107 Pa s at < 0.5 % RH and between 3 × 102 and 9 × 103 Pa s at 50 % RH. In the second set of experiments we show that under dry conditions τexp, flow decreased by a factor of 45 as the production mass concentration increased from 121 to 14 000 µg m-3. Frommore » simulations of the poke-and-flow experiments, the viscosity of SOM with a production mass concentration of 14 000 µg m-3 was determined to be between 4 × 104 and 1.5 × 106 Pa s compared to between 6 × 105 and 5 × 107 Pa s for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m-3. The results can be rationalized by a dependence of the chemical composition of SOM on production conditions. Lastly, these results emphasize the shifting characteristics of SOM, not just with RH and precursor type, but also with the production conditions, and suggest that production mass concentration and the RH at which the viscosity was determined should be considered both when comparing laboratory results and when extrapolating these results to the atmosphere.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  3. Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig (Germany)
  4. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1375407
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Grayson, James W., Zhang, Yue, Mutzel, Anke, Renbaum-Wolff, Lindsay, Böge, Olaf, Kamal, Saeid, Herrmann, Hartmut, Martin, Scot T., and Bertram, Allan K. Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6027-2016.
Grayson, James W., Zhang, Yue, Mutzel, Anke, Renbaum-Wolff, Lindsay, Böge, Olaf, Kamal, Saeid, Herrmann, Hartmut, Martin, Scot T., & Bertram, Allan K. Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material. United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6027-2016
Grayson, James W., Zhang, Yue, Mutzel, Anke, Renbaum-Wolff, Lindsay, Böge, Olaf, Kamal, Saeid, Herrmann, Hartmut, Martin, Scot T., and Bertram, Allan K. Wed . "Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material". United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6027-2016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1375407.
@article{osti_1375407,
title = {Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material},
author = {Grayson, James W. and Zhang, Yue and Mutzel, Anke and Renbaum-Wolff, Lindsay and Böge, Olaf and Kamal, Saeid and Herrmann, Hartmut and Martin, Scot T. and Bertram, Allan K.},
abstractNote = {Knowledge of the viscosity of particles containing secondary organic material (SOM) is useful for predicting reaction rates and diffusion in SOM particles. In this study we investigate the viscosity of SOM particles as a function of relative humidity and SOM particle mass concentration, during SOM synthesis. The SOM was generated via the ozonolysis of α-pinene at < 5 % relative humidity (RH). Experiments were carried out using the poke-and-flow technique, which measures the experimental flow time (τexp, flow) of SOM after poking the material with a needle. In the first set of experiments, we show that τexp, flow increased by a factor of 3600 as the RH increased from < 0.5 RH to 50 % RH, for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m-3. Based on simulations, the viscosities of the particles were between 6 × 105 and 5 × 107 Pa s at < 0.5 % RH and between 3 × 102 and 9 × 103 Pa s at 50 % RH. In the second set of experiments we show that under dry conditions τexp, flow decreased by a factor of 45 as the production mass concentration increased from 121 to 14 000 µg m-3. From simulations of the poke-and-flow experiments, the viscosity of SOM with a production mass concentration of 14 000 µg m-3 was determined to be between 4 × 104 and 1.5 × 106 Pa s compared to between 6 × 105 and 5 × 107 Pa s for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m-3. The results can be rationalized by a dependence of the chemical composition of SOM on production conditions. Lastly, these results emphasize the shifting characteristics of SOM, not just with RH and precursor type, but also with the production conditions, and suggest that production mass concentration and the RH at which the viscosity was determined should be considered both when comparing laboratory results and when extrapolating these results to the atmosphere.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-16-6027-2016},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = 10,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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    • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 29, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4989548

    Predicting the glass transition temperature and viscosity of secondary organic material using molecular composition
    journal, January 2018

    • DeRieux, Wing-Sy Wong; Li, Ying; Lin, Peng
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-6331-2018

    The viscosity of atmospherically relevant organic particles
    journal, March 2018


    The effect of hydroxyl functional groups and molar mass on the viscosity of non-crystalline organic and organic–water particles
    journal, January 2017

    • Grayson, James W.; Evoy, Erin; Song, Mijung
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-8509-2017

    Evidence for a kinetically controlled burying mechanism for growth of high viscosity secondary organic aerosol
    journal, January 2020

    • Vander Wall, Allison C.; Perraud, Véronique; Wingen, Lisa M.
    • Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, Vol. 22, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9em00379g

    Mixing times of organic molecules within secondary organic aerosol particles: a global planetary boundary layer perspective
    journal, January 2017

    • Maclean, Adrian M.; Butenhoff, Christopher L.; Grayson, James W.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-13037-2017

    Factors controlling the evaporation of secondary organic aerosol from α‐pinene ozonolysis
    journal, March 2017

    • Yli‐Juuti, Taina; Pajunoja, Aki; Tikkanen, Olli‐Pekka
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2016gl072364

    Recent advances in understanding secondary organic aerosol: Implications for global climate forcing: Advances in Secondary Organic Aerosol
    journal, June 2017

    • Shrivastava, Manish; Cappa, Christopher D.; Fan, Jiwen
    • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 55, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/2016rg000540

    Diffusion coefficients of organic molecules in sucrose–water solutions and comparison with Stokes–Einstein predictions
    journal, January 2017

    • Chenyakin, Yuri; Ullmann, Dagny A.; Evoy, Erin
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-2423-2017

    Liquid–liquid phase separation and viscosity within secondary organic aerosol generated from diesel fuel vapors
    journal, January 2019

    • Song, Mijung; Maclean, Adrian M.; Huang, Yuanzhou
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-12515-2019

    Viscosities, diffusion coefficients, and mixing times of intrinsic fluorescent organic molecules in brown limonene secondary organic aerosol and tests of the Stokes–Einstein equation
    journal, January 2019

    • Ullmann, Dagny A.; Hinks, Mallory L.; Maclean, Adrian M.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-1491-2019