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Title: Effect of varying experimental conditions on the viscosity of α-pinene derived secondary organic material

Knowledge of the viscosity of particles containing secondary organic material (SOM) is useful for predicting reaction rates and diffusion in SOM particles. In this study we investigate the viscosity of SOM particles as a function of relative humidity and SOM particle mass concentration, during SOM synthesis. The SOM was generated via the ozonolysis of α-pinene at < 5 % relative humidity (RH). Experiments were carried out using the poke-and-flow technique, which measures the experimental flow time ( τ exp, flow) of SOM after poking the material with a needle. In the first set of experiments, we show that τ exp, flow increased by a factor of 3600 as the RH increased from < 0.5 RH to 50 % RH, for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m -3. Based on simulations, the viscosities of the particles were between 6 × 10 5 and 5 × 10 7 Pa s at < 0.5 % RH and between 3 × 10 2 and 9 × 10 3 Pa s at 50 % RH. In the second set of experiments we show that under dry conditions τ exp, flow decreased by a factor of 45 as the production mass concentrationmore » increased from 121 to 14 000 µg m -3. From simulations of the poke-and-flow experiments, the viscosity of SOM with a production mass concentration of 14 000 µg m -3 was determined to be between 4 × 10 4 and 1.5 × 10 6 Pa s compared to between 6 × 10 5 and 5 × 10 7 Pa s for SOM with a production mass concentration of 121 µg m -3. The results can be rationalized by a dependence of the chemical composition of SOM on production conditions. Lastly, these results emphasize the shifting characteristics of SOM, not just with RH and precursor type, but also with the production conditions, and suggest that production mass concentration and the RH at which the viscosity was determined should be considered both when comparing laboratory results and when extrapolating these results to the atmosphere.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  3. Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig (Germany)
  4. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Publication Date:
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Research Org:
Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1375407