skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Review of Reactive Power Dispatch Strategies for Loss Minimization in a DFIG-based Wind Farm

Abstract

This study reviews and compares the performance of reactive power dispatch strategies for the loss minimization of Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-based Wind Farms (WFs). Twelve possible combinations of three WF level reactive power dispatch strategies and four Wind Turbine (WT) level reactive power control strategies are investigated. All of the combined strategies are formulated based on the comprehensive loss models of WFs, including the loss models of DFIGs, converters, filters, transformers, and cables of the collection system. Optimization problems are solved by a Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) algorithm. The effectiveness of these strategies is evaluated by simulations on a carefully designed WF under a series of cases with different wind speeds and reactive power requirements of the WF. The wind speed at each WT inside the WF is calculated using the Jensen wake model. The results show that the best reactive power dispatch strategy for loss minimization comes when the WF level strategy and WT level control are coordinated and the losses from each device in the WF are considered in the objective.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Aalborg Univ., Aalborg (Denmark)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1375312
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5D00-69054
Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073; ENERGA
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; doubly fed induction generator; reactive power dispatch; wind farm; loss minimization

Citation Formats

Zhang, Baohua, Hu, Weihao, Hou, Peng, Tan, Jin, Soltani, Mohsen, and Chen, Zhe. Review of Reactive Power Dispatch Strategies for Loss Minimization in a DFIG-based Wind Farm. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/en10070856.
Zhang, Baohua, Hu, Weihao, Hou, Peng, Tan, Jin, Soltani, Mohsen, & Chen, Zhe. Review of Reactive Power Dispatch Strategies for Loss Minimization in a DFIG-based Wind Farm. United States. doi:10.3390/en10070856.
Zhang, Baohua, Hu, Weihao, Hou, Peng, Tan, Jin, Soltani, Mohsen, and Chen, Zhe. Tue . "Review of Reactive Power Dispatch Strategies for Loss Minimization in a DFIG-based Wind Farm". United States. doi:10.3390/en10070856. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1375312.
@article{osti_1375312,
title = {Review of Reactive Power Dispatch Strategies for Loss Minimization in a DFIG-based Wind Farm},
author = {Zhang, Baohua and Hu, Weihao and Hou, Peng and Tan, Jin and Soltani, Mohsen and Chen, Zhe},
abstractNote = {This study reviews and compares the performance of reactive power dispatch strategies for the loss minimization of Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-based Wind Farms (WFs). Twelve possible combinations of three WF level reactive power dispatch strategies and four Wind Turbine (WT) level reactive power control strategies are investigated. All of the combined strategies are formulated based on the comprehensive loss models of WFs, including the loss models of DFIGs, converters, filters, transformers, and cables of the collection system. Optimization problems are solved by a Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) algorithm. The effectiveness of these strategies is evaluated by simulations on a carefully designed WF under a series of cases with different wind speeds and reactive power requirements of the WF. The wind speed at each WT inside the WF is calculated using the Jensen wake model. The results show that the best reactive power dispatch strategy for loss minimization comes when the WF level strategy and WT level control are coordinated and the losses from each device in the WF are considered in the objective.},
doi = {10.3390/en10070856},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = 7,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The particle swarm - explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
journal, January 2002

  • Clerc, M.; Kennedy, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/4235.985692

Efficient control scheme of wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators for low-voltage ride-through capability enhancement
journal, January 2010


Towards reactive power dispatch within a wind farm using hybrid PSO
journal, July 2015


An Estimator-Based Distributed Voltage-Predictive Control Strategy for AC Islanded Microgrids
journal, July 2015

  • Wang, Yanbo; Chen, Zhe; Wang, Xiongfei
  • IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 30, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2345696

Optimised power dispatch strategy for offshore wind farms
journal, March 2016


Distributed Generators as Providers of Reactive Power Support—A Market Approach
journal, February 2013

  • Rueda-Medina, Augusto C.; Padilha-Feltrin, Antonio
  • IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 28, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2202926

Reactive power dispatch in wind farms using particle swarm optimization technique and feasible solutions search
journal, December 2011


Wind Farms as Reactive Power Ancillary Service Providers—Technical and Economic Issues
journal, September 2009

  • Ullah, N. R.; Bhattacharya, K.; Thiringer, T.
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2008.2008957

Fault Ride-Through of a DFIG Wind Turbine Using a Dynamic Voltage Restorer During Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Grid Faults
journal, March 2011

  • Wessels, Christian; Gebhardt, Fabian; Fuchs, Friedrich Wilhelm
  • IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 26, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2010.2099133

Reactive power control of wind farm made up with doubly fed induction generators in distribution system
journal, June 2010


Distributed Optimal Control of Reactive Power and Voltage in Islanded Microgrids
journal, January 2017

  • Wang, Yanbo; Wang, Xiongfei; Chen, Zhe
  • IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2016.2615033

A novel multi-zone reactive power market settlement model: A pareto-optimization approach
journal, March 2013


Doubly fed induction generator using back-to-back PWM converters and its application to variable-speed wind-energy generation
journal, January 1996

  • Pena, R.; Clare, J. C.; Asher, G. M.
  • IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Applications, Vol. 143, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1049/ip-epa:19960288

Optimal power dispatch in wind farm based on reduced blade damage and generator losses
journal, April 2015


A Comprehensive LVRT Control Strategy for DFIG Wind Turbines With Enhanced Reactive Power Support
journal, August 2013


Optimum Generation Control in Wind Parks When Carrying Out System Operator Requests
journal, May 2006

  • deAlmeida, R. G.; Castronuovo, E. D.; PecasLopes, J. A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 21, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2005.861996

Reactive Power Control Strategies for DFIG-Based Plants
journal, June 2007

  • Kayk, Mustafa; Milanovi, Jovica V.
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2006.874215

Enhanced Control of DFIG Wind Turbine Based on Stator Flux Decay Compensation
journal, December 2016

  • Zhu, Rongwu; Deng, Fujin; Chen, Zhe
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 31, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2016.2594014

Low-Voltage Ride-Through Operation of Power Converters in Grid-Interactive Microgrids by Using Negative-Sequence Droop Control
journal, April 2017

  • Zhao, Xin; Guerrero, Josep M.; Savaghebi, Mehdi
  • IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 32, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2016.2570204

Ridethrough of Wind Turbines with Doubly-Fed Induction Generator During a Voltage Dip
journal, June 2005

  • Morren, J.; deHaan, S. W. H.
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2005.845526

Virtual Damping Flux-Based LVRT Control for DFIG-Based Wind Turbine
journal, June 2015

  • Zhu, Rongwu; Chen, Zhe; Wu, Xiaojie
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 30, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2014.2385966

Advanced control system of DFIG based wind generators for reactive power production and integration in a wind farm dispatching
journal, November 2015


New management structure of active and reactive power of a large wind farm based on multilevel converter
journal, August 2014


Evaluation of the Performance of a DC-Link Brake Chopper as a DFIG Low-Voltage Fault-Ride-Through Device
journal, September 2013

  • Pannell, Graham; Zahawi, Bashar; Atkinson, David J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 28, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2013.2261301

Reactive power control of wind farms for voltage control applications
journal, March 2004


A Reactive Power Dispatch Strategy With Loss Minimization for a DFIG-Based Wind Farm
journal, July 2016

  • Zhang, Baohua; Hou, Peng; Hu, Weihao
  • IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2015.2509647

An optimization approach for wind turbine commitment and dispatch in a wind park
journal, January 2009


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Multi-Objective Optimization for Determining Trade-Off between Output Power and Power Fluctuations in Wind Farm System
    journal, November 2019

    • Bui, Van-Hai; Hussain, Akhtar; Lee, Woon-Gyu
    • Energies, Vol. 12, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.3390/en12224242