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Title: Evaluation of commercial nickel-phosphorus coating for ultracold neutron guides using a pinhole bottling method

We report on the evaluation of commercial electroless nickel phosphorus (NiP) coatings for ultracold neutron (UCN) transport and storage. The material potential of 50μm thick NiP coatings on stainless steel and aluminum substrates was measured to be V F=213(5.2)neV using the time-of-flight spectrometer ASTERIX at the Lujan Center. The loss per bounce probability was measured in pinhole bottling experiments carried out at ultracold neutron sources at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and the Institut Laue-Langevin. For these tests a new guide coupling design was used to minimize gaps between the guide sections. The observed UCN loss in the bottle was interpreted in terms of an energy independent effective loss per bounce, which is the appropriate model when gaps in the system and upscattering are the dominate loss mechanisms, yielding a loss per bounce of 1.3(1)×10 –4. In conclusion, we also present a detailed discussion of the pinhole bottling methodology and an energy dependent analysis of the experimental results.
Authors:
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  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  3. Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble Cedex (France)
  4. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Triangle Univ. Nuclear Lab. (TUNL), Durham, NC (United States)
  5. Technical Univ. of Munich, Munich (Germany); Movatec GmbH (Germany)
  6. High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Ibaraki (Japan)
  7. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  8. Technical Univ. of Munich, Munich (Germany)
  9. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Triangle Univ. Nuclear Lab. (TUNL), Durham, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20247
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; TRN: US1702559
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 872; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Atomic and Nuclear Physics
OSTI Identifier:
1375173

Pattie. Jr., Robert Wayne, Adamek, Evan Robert, Brenner, Thomas, Brandt, Aaron, Broussard, Leah Jacklyn, Callahan, Nathan Brannan, Clayton, Steven M., Cude-Woods, Chris, Currie, Scott Allister, Geltenbort, P., Ito, Takeyasu M., Lauer, Thorsten, Liu, Chen Yu, Majewski, Jaroslaw, Makela, Mark F., Masuda, Yasohira, Morris, Christopher L., Ramsey, John Clinton, Salvat, Daniel J., Saunders, Alexander, Schroffenegger, Juri, Tang, Zhaowen, Wei, Wanchun, Wang, Zhehui, Watkins, Erik Benjamin, Young, Albert Raymond, and Zeck, B. A.. Evaluation of commercial nickel-phosphorus coating for ultracold neutron guides using a pinhole bottling method. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.07.051.
Pattie. Jr., Robert Wayne, Adamek, Evan Robert, Brenner, Thomas, Brandt, Aaron, Broussard, Leah Jacklyn, Callahan, Nathan Brannan, Clayton, Steven M., Cude-Woods, Chris, Currie, Scott Allister, Geltenbort, P., Ito, Takeyasu M., Lauer, Thorsten, Liu, Chen Yu, Majewski, Jaroslaw, Makela, Mark F., Masuda, Yasohira, Morris, Christopher L., Ramsey, John Clinton, Salvat, Daniel J., Saunders, Alexander, Schroffenegger, Juri, Tang, Zhaowen, Wei, Wanchun, Wang, Zhehui, Watkins, Erik Benjamin, Young, Albert Raymond, & Zeck, B. A.. Evaluation of commercial nickel-phosphorus coating for ultracold neutron guides using a pinhole bottling method. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.07.051.
Pattie. Jr., Robert Wayne, Adamek, Evan Robert, Brenner, Thomas, Brandt, Aaron, Broussard, Leah Jacklyn, Callahan, Nathan Brannan, Clayton, Steven M., Cude-Woods, Chris, Currie, Scott Allister, Geltenbort, P., Ito, Takeyasu M., Lauer, Thorsten, Liu, Chen Yu, Majewski, Jaroslaw, Makela, Mark F., Masuda, Yasohira, Morris, Christopher L., Ramsey, John Clinton, Salvat, Daniel J., Saunders, Alexander, Schroffenegger, Juri, Tang, Zhaowen, Wei, Wanchun, Wang, Zhehui, Watkins, Erik Benjamin, Young, Albert Raymond, and Zeck, B. A.. 2017. "Evaluation of commercial nickel-phosphorus coating for ultracold neutron guides using a pinhole bottling method". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.07.051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1375173.
@article{osti_1375173,
title = {Evaluation of commercial nickel-phosphorus coating for ultracold neutron guides using a pinhole bottling method},
author = {Pattie. Jr., Robert Wayne and Adamek, Evan Robert and Brenner, Thomas and Brandt, Aaron and Broussard, Leah Jacklyn and Callahan, Nathan Brannan and Clayton, Steven M. and Cude-Woods, Chris and Currie, Scott Allister and Geltenbort, P. and Ito, Takeyasu M. and Lauer, Thorsten and Liu, Chen Yu and Majewski, Jaroslaw and Makela, Mark F. and Masuda, Yasohira and Morris, Christopher L. and Ramsey, John Clinton and Salvat, Daniel J. and Saunders, Alexander and Schroffenegger, Juri and Tang, Zhaowen and Wei, Wanchun and Wang, Zhehui and Watkins, Erik Benjamin and Young, Albert Raymond and Zeck, B. A.},
abstractNote = {We report on the evaluation of commercial electroless nickel phosphorus (NiP) coatings for ultracold neutron (UCN) transport and storage. The material potential of 50μm thick NiP coatings on stainless steel and aluminum substrates was measured to be VF=213(5.2)neV using the time-of-flight spectrometer ASTERIX at the Lujan Center. The loss per bounce probability was measured in pinhole bottling experiments carried out at ultracold neutron sources at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and the Institut Laue-Langevin. For these tests a new guide coupling design was used to minimize gaps between the guide sections. The observed UCN loss in the bottle was interpreted in terms of an energy independent effective loss per bounce, which is the appropriate model when gaps in the system and upscattering are the dominate loss mechanisms, yielding a loss per bounce of 1.3(1)×10–4. In conclusion, we also present a detailed discussion of the pinhole bottling methodology and an energy dependent analysis of the experimental results.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2017.07.051},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = ,
volume = 872,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}