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Title: Evaluation of the new capture vapourizer for aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) through laboratory studies of inorganic species

Aerosol mass spectrometers (AMSs) and Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSMs) commercialized by Aerodyne are widely used to measure the non-refractory species in submicron particles. With the standard vapourizer (SV) that is installed in all commercial instruments to date, the quantification of ambient aerosol mass concentration requires the use of the collection efficiency (CE) to correct for the loss of particles due to bounce. A new capture vapourizer (CV) has been designed to reduce the need for a bounce-related CE correction. Two high-resolution AMS instruments, one with a SV and one with a CV, were operated side by side in the laboratory. Four standard species, NH 4NO 3, NaNO 3, (NH 4) 2SO 4 and NH 4Cl, which typically constitute the majority of the mass of ambient submicron inorganic species, are studied. The effect of vapourizer temperature ( T v ∼ 200–800 °C) on the detected fragments, CE and size distributions are investigated. A T v of 500–550 °C for the CV is recommended. In the CV, CE was identical (around unity) for more volatile species (e.g. NH 4NO 3) and comparable to or higher than the SV for less-volatile species (e.g. (NH 4) 2SO 4), demonstrating an improvement in CE for laboratory inorganic speciesmore » in the CV. The detected relative intensities of fragments of NO 3 and SO 4 species observed with the CV are different from those observed with the SV, and are consistent with additional thermal decomposition arising from the increased residence time and multiple collisions. Increased residence times with the CV also lead to broader particle size distribution measurements than with the SV. A method for estimating whether pure species will be detected in AMS sizing mode is proposed. Production of CO 2(g) from sampled nitrate on the vapourizer surface, which has been reported for the SV, is negligible for the CV for NH 4NO 3 and comparable to the SV for NaNO 3. . We observe an extremely consistent fragmentation for ammonium compared to very large changes for the associated anions. Together with other evidence, this indicates that it is unlikely that a major fraction of inorganic species vapourizes as intact salts in the AMS.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Research in the Environmental Sciences (CIRES) and Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
sc0011095; AGS-1360834; AGS-1243354; NNX15AT96G; SC0011105; SC0016559; NA13OAR4310063; SC0001673
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online); Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Research Org:
Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23). Climate and Environmental Sciences Division; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); National Science Foundation (NSF); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1375063
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1425371

Hu, Weiwei, Campuzano-Jost, Pedro, Day, Douglas A., Croteau, Philip, Canagaratna, Manjula R., Jayne, John T., Worsnop, Douglas R., and Jimenez, Jose L.. Evaluation of the new capture vapourizer for aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) through laboratory studies of inorganic species. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.5194/amt-10-2897-2017.
Hu, Weiwei, Campuzano-Jost, Pedro, Day, Douglas A., Croteau, Philip, Canagaratna, Manjula R., Jayne, John T., Worsnop, Douglas R., & Jimenez, Jose L.. Evaluation of the new capture vapourizer for aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) through laboratory studies of inorganic species. United States. doi:10.5194/amt-10-2897-2017.
Hu, Weiwei, Campuzano-Jost, Pedro, Day, Douglas A., Croteau, Philip, Canagaratna, Manjula R., Jayne, John T., Worsnop, Douglas R., and Jimenez, Jose L.. 2017. "Evaluation of the new capture vapourizer for aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) through laboratory studies of inorganic species". United States. doi:10.5194/amt-10-2897-2017.
@article{osti_1375063,
title = {Evaluation of the new capture vapourizer for aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) through laboratory studies of inorganic species},
author = {Hu, Weiwei and Campuzano-Jost, Pedro and Day, Douglas A. and Croteau, Philip and Canagaratna, Manjula R. and Jayne, John T. and Worsnop, Douglas R. and Jimenez, Jose L.},
abstractNote = {Aerosol mass spectrometers (AMSs) and Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSMs) commercialized by Aerodyne are widely used to measure the non-refractory species in submicron particles. With the standard vapourizer (SV) that is installed in all commercial instruments to date, the quantification of ambient aerosol mass concentration requires the use of the collection efficiency (CE) to correct for the loss of particles due to bounce. A new capture vapourizer (CV) has been designed to reduce the need for a bounce-related CE correction. Two high-resolution AMS instruments, one with a SV and one with a CV, were operated side by side in the laboratory. Four standard species, NH4NO3, NaNO3, (NH4)2SO4 and NH4Cl, which typically constitute the majority of the mass of ambient submicron inorganic species, are studied. The effect of vapourizer temperature (Tv ∼ 200–800 °C) on the detected fragments, CE and size distributions are investigated. A Tv of 500–550 °C for the CV is recommended. In the CV, CE was identical (around unity) for more volatile species (e.g. NH4NO3) and comparable to or higher than the SV for less-volatile species (e.g. (NH4)2SO4), demonstrating an improvement in CE for laboratory inorganic species in the CV. The detected relative intensities of fragments of NO3 and SO4 species observed with the CV are different from those observed with the SV, and are consistent with additional thermal decomposition arising from the increased residence time and multiple collisions. Increased residence times with the CV also lead to broader particle size distribution measurements than with the SV. A method for estimating whether pure species will be detected in AMS sizing mode is proposed. Production of CO2(g) from sampled nitrate on the vapourizer surface, which has been reported for the SV, is negligible for the CV for NH4NO3 and comparable to the SV for NaNO3. . We observe an extremely consistent fragmentation for ammonium compared to very large changes for the associated anions. Together with other evidence, this indicates that it is unlikely that a major fraction of inorganic species vapourizes as intact salts in the AMS.},
doi = {10.5194/amt-10-2897-2017},
journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)},
number = 8,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}