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Title: Effects of low-Z and high-Z impurities on divertor detachment and plasma confinement

The impurity-seeded detached divertor is essential for heat exhaust in ITER and other reactor-relevant devices. Dedicated experiments with injection of N 2, Ne and Ar have been performed in DIII-D to assess the impact of the different impurities on divertor detachment and confinement. Seeding with N 2, Ne and Ar all promote divertor detachment, greatly reducing heat flux near the strike point. The upstream plasma density at the onset of detachment decreases with increasing impurity-puffing flow rates. For all injected impurity species, the confinement and pedestal pressure are correlated with the impurity content and the ratio of separatrix loss power to the L-H transition threshold power. As the divertor plasma approaches detachment, the high-Z impurity seeding tends to degrade the core confinement owing to the increased core radiation. In particular, Ar injection leads to an increase in core radiation, up to 50% of the injected power, and a reduction in pedestal temperature over 60%, thus significantly degrading the confinement, i.e., with H 98 reducing from 1.1 to below 0.7. As for Ne seeding, H 98 near 0.8 can be maintained during the detachment phase with the pedestal temperature being reduced by about 50%. In contrast, in the N 2 seededmore » plasmas, radiation is predominately confined in the boundary plasma, with up to 50% of heating power being radiated in the divertor region and less than 25% in the core at the onset of detachment. In the case of strong N 2 gas puffing, the confinement recovers during the detachment, from ~20% reduction at the onset of the detachment to greater than that before the seeding. The core and pedestal temperatures feature a reduction of 30% from the initial attached phase and remain nearly constant during the detachment phase. The improvement in confinement appears to arise from the increase in pedestal and core density despite the temperature reduction.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; AC05-06OR23100; AC04-94AL85000
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Materials and Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-1791
Research Org:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Contributing Orgs:
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: