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Title: Compressed glassy carbon: An ultrastrong and elastic interpenetrating graphene network

Carbon’s unique ability to have both sp 2 and sp 3 bonding states gives rise to a range of physical attributes, including excellent mechanical and electrical properties. We show that a series of lightweight, ultrastrong, hard, elastic, and conductive carbons are recovered after compressing sp 2-hybridized glassy carbon at various temperatures. Compression induces the local buckling of graphene sheets through sp 3 nodes to form interpenetrating graphene networks with long-range disorder and short-range order on the nanometer scale. The compressed glassy carbons have extraordinary specific compressive strengths—more than two times that of commonly used ceramics—and simultaneously exhibit robust elastic recovery in response to local deformations. Finally, this type of carbon is an optimal ultralight, ultrastrong material for a wide range of multifunctional applications, and the synthesis methodology demonstrates potential to access entirely new metastable materials with exceptional properties.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [5] ;  [5] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [6] ; ORCiD logo [7] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] more »;  [1] « less
  1. Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). State Key Lab. of Metastable Materials Science and Technology
  2. Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). State Key Lab. of Metastable Materials Science and Technology; Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States). Geophysical Lab.
  3. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States). Geophysical Lab.
  4. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States). Geophysical Lab., High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT)
  5. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States). Geophysical Lab.; Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research, Shanghai (China)
  6. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (CARS)
  7. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002494; SC0001057; NA0001974; FG02-99ER45775; AC02-06CH11357; 51672238; 51421091; 51525205; 51332005; 51272227; 2011CB808205; E2014203150; W31P4Q-13-1-0005
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS); Carnegie Institution of Washington, Argonne, IL (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Defense Advanced Research Projects (DARPA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Compressed glassy carbon; Interpenetrating graphene network; Specific compressive strength; Hardness; Elastic recovery; Density; Conductivity; thermal stability
OSTI Identifier:
1374622

Hu, Meng, He, Julong, Zhao, Zhisheng, Strobel, Timothy A., Hu, Wentao, Yu, Dongli, Sun, Hao, Liu, Lingyu, Li, Zihe, Ma, Mengdong, Kono, Yoshio, Shu, Jinfu, Mao, Ho-kwang, Fei, Yingwei, Shen, Guoyin, Wang, Yanbin, Juhl, Stephen J., Huang, Jian Yu, Liu, Zhongyuan, Xu, Bo, and Tian, Yongjun. Compressed glassy carbon: An ultrastrong and elastic interpenetrating graphene network. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603213.
Hu, Meng, He, Julong, Zhao, Zhisheng, Strobel, Timothy A., Hu, Wentao, Yu, Dongli, Sun, Hao, Liu, Lingyu, Li, Zihe, Ma, Mengdong, Kono, Yoshio, Shu, Jinfu, Mao, Ho-kwang, Fei, Yingwei, Shen, Guoyin, Wang, Yanbin, Juhl, Stephen J., Huang, Jian Yu, Liu, Zhongyuan, Xu, Bo, & Tian, Yongjun. Compressed glassy carbon: An ultrastrong and elastic interpenetrating graphene network. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603213.
Hu, Meng, He, Julong, Zhao, Zhisheng, Strobel, Timothy A., Hu, Wentao, Yu, Dongli, Sun, Hao, Liu, Lingyu, Li, Zihe, Ma, Mengdong, Kono, Yoshio, Shu, Jinfu, Mao, Ho-kwang, Fei, Yingwei, Shen, Guoyin, Wang, Yanbin, Juhl, Stephen J., Huang, Jian Yu, Liu, Zhongyuan, Xu, Bo, and Tian, Yongjun. 2017. "Compressed glassy carbon: An ultrastrong and elastic interpenetrating graphene network". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603213. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1374622.
@article{osti_1374622,
title = {Compressed glassy carbon: An ultrastrong and elastic interpenetrating graphene network},
author = {Hu, Meng and He, Julong and Zhao, Zhisheng and Strobel, Timothy A. and Hu, Wentao and Yu, Dongli and Sun, Hao and Liu, Lingyu and Li, Zihe and Ma, Mengdong and Kono, Yoshio and Shu, Jinfu and Mao, Ho-kwang and Fei, Yingwei and Shen, Guoyin and Wang, Yanbin and Juhl, Stephen J. and Huang, Jian Yu and Liu, Zhongyuan and Xu, Bo and Tian, Yongjun},
abstractNote = {Carbon’s unique ability to have both sp2 and sp3 bonding states gives rise to a range of physical attributes, including excellent mechanical and electrical properties. We show that a series of lightweight, ultrastrong, hard, elastic, and conductive carbons are recovered after compressing sp2-hybridized glassy carbon at various temperatures. Compression induces the local buckling of graphene sheets through sp3 nodes to form interpenetrating graphene networks with long-range disorder and short-range order on the nanometer scale. The compressed glassy carbons have extraordinary specific compressive strengths—more than two times that of commonly used ceramics—and simultaneously exhibit robust elastic recovery in response to local deformations. Finally, this type of carbon is an optimal ultralight, ultrastrong material for a wide range of multifunctional applications, and the synthesis methodology demonstrates potential to access entirely new metastable materials with exceptional properties.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.1603213},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 6,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}