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Title: Editorial: Biological Engagement Programs: Reducing Threats and Strengthening Global Health Security Through Scientific Collaboration

Abstract

It is often said about infectious diseases that a “threat anywhere is a threat everywhere,” and the recent outbreaks of Ebola in West Africa and Zika virus in South America have proven that pathogens know no borders. Not only are they transboundary, pathogens do not discriminate who they infect. In addition to the natural increase in emerging zoonotic infectious diseases worldwide due to changing environmental conditions and globalization, the use of infectious diseases as warfare agents is a threat in today’s world. Early detection remains one of the best ways to prevent small outbreaks becoming epidemics and pandemics. We find that an accurate diagnosis, detection, and reporting of diseases are important components of mitigating outbreaks, and biosurveillance remains the top tool in our toolbox. And while vaccines have been important for controlling more common infectious virus diseases, they are less feasible for less common diseases, emerging pathogens, and rapidly evolving microbes. Furthermore, due to globalization and increased travel, emigration, and migration, biosurveillance is critical throughout the world, not just in pockets of more developed regions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1374354
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22487
Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2565
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Public Health
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2565
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; cooperative engagement; emerging diseases; biothreat; Global Health Security Agenda; One Health

Citation Formats

Fair, Jeanne M. Editorial: Biological Engagement Programs: Reducing Threats and Strengthening Global Health Security Through Scientific Collaboration. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2017.00148.
Fair, Jeanne M. Editorial: Biological Engagement Programs: Reducing Threats and Strengthening Global Health Security Through Scientific Collaboration. United States. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2017.00148.
Fair, Jeanne M. Wed . "Editorial: Biological Engagement Programs: Reducing Threats and Strengthening Global Health Security Through Scientific Collaboration". United States. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2017.00148. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1374354.
@article{osti_1374354,
title = {Editorial: Biological Engagement Programs: Reducing Threats and Strengthening Global Health Security Through Scientific Collaboration},
author = {Fair, Jeanne M.},
abstractNote = {It is often said about infectious diseases that a “threat anywhere is a threat everywhere,” and the recent outbreaks of Ebola in West Africa and Zika virus in South America have proven that pathogens know no borders. Not only are they transboundary, pathogens do not discriminate who they infect. In addition to the natural increase in emerging zoonotic infectious diseases worldwide due to changing environmental conditions and globalization, the use of infectious diseases as warfare agents is a threat in today’s world. Early detection remains one of the best ways to prevent small outbreaks becoming epidemics and pandemics. We find that an accurate diagnosis, detection, and reporting of diseases are important components of mitigating outbreaks, and biosurveillance remains the top tool in our toolbox. And while vaccines have been important for controlling more common infectious virus diseases, they are less feasible for less common diseases, emerging pathogens, and rapidly evolving microbes. Furthermore, due to globalization and increased travel, emigration, and migration, biosurveillance is critical throughout the world, not just in pockets of more developed regions.},
doi = {10.3389/fpubh.2017.00148},
journal = {Frontiers in Public Health},
number = ,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Climate change and infectious diseases: Can we meet the needs for better prediction?
journal, April 2013

  • Rodó, Xavier; Pascual, Mercedes; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco J.
  • Climatic Change, Vol. 118, Issue 3-4
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Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework
journal, August 2013