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Title: Reduction Potentials of [FeFe]-Hydrogenase Accessory Iron–Sulfur Clusters Provide Insights into the Energetics of Proton Reduction Catalysis

An [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum, CpI, is a model system for biological H 2 activation. In addition to the catalytic H-cluster, CpI contains four accessory iron-sulfur [FeS] clusters in a branched series that transfer electrons to and from the active site. In this work, potentiometric titrations have been employed in combination with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy at defined electrochemical potentials to gain insights into the role of the accessory clusters in catalysis. EPR spectra collected over a range of potentials were deconvoluted into individual components attributable to the accessory [FeS] clusters and the active site H-cluster, and reduction potentials for each cluster were determined. The data suggest a large degree of magnetic coupling between the clusters. The distal [4Fe-4S] cluster is shown to have a lower reduction potential (~ < -450 mV) than the other clusters, and molecular docking experiments indicate that the physiological electron donor, ferredoxin (Fd), most favorably interacts with this cluster. The low reduction potential of the distal [4Fe-4S] cluster thermodynamically restricts the Fd ox/Fd red ratio at which CpI can operate, consistent with the role of CpI in recycling Fd redthat accumulates during fermentation. In conclusion, subsequent electron transfer through the additional accessory [FeS] clustersmore » to the H-cluster is thermodynamically favorable.« less
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)
  4. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  5. The Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863; TRN: US1702343
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 28; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; [FeFe]-hydrogenase; Clostridium pasteurianum; iron sulfur clusters; electron paramagnetic resonance; potentiometric titrations; spectral deconvolution; electron-transfer; catalysis
OSTI Identifier: