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Title: Continuous Structural Transition in Glass-Forming Molten Titanate BaTi 2 O 5

The structure of the model titanate glass former BaTi2O5 has been studied over a wide temperature (T) range in the molten, supercooled, and glassy states under conditions of aerodynamic levitation. Both high-energy X-ray diffraction and Ti K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveal a continuous structural transition involving reduction of the cation-oxygen (and oxygen-cation) average coordination numbers and bond lengths with increasing T. Ti-0 coordination in the moderately supercooled and equilibrium melt follows a linear trend n(Tio) = 5.4(1)- [3.5(7) x 10(-4)]T [K] (1300 <= T <= 1830 K, T-g = 960 K, T-m = 1660 K). Comparison to the melt-quenched glass implies an increase in partial derivative n(Tio)/partial derivative T at lower T, as T-g is approached from above. Both Ba-0 coordination and bond length also decrease at higher T, and the role of Ba addition is to reduce n(Tio) below its value in pure molten TiO2, which is related to the presence of density maxima in molten BaO-TiO2. Density measurements made by imaging of the levitated melt yielded rho(T) = 4.82(55)- 0.0004(3)T in units of K and g cm(-3). While BaTi2O5 glass likely consists of a fully connected Ti-0 network, free of nonbridging oxygen (NBO) [OTi1 and with at leastmore » 13(4)% [OTi3] triclusters, the 1835(40) K equilibrium melt contains at least 10(4)% NBO along with 90(4)% bridging oxygen [OTi2]. The results highlight the fact that glasses can be considered as structural analogues of melts only for those melts deeply supercooled into the glass transition region. The results imply possible fictive T dependence of titanate glass structure, suggesting applications as, e.g., laser written waveguides with large refractive indices and refractive index contrasts. The temperature-dependent structure further implies a super-Arrhenian melt viscosity with consequences for glass manufacture, titanate-rich slags produced in iron smelting, TiO2-bearing magmas, and by analogy silicate melts at high pressures, as found in planetary interiors.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 47; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Scientific User Facilities Division
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1374042
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1372300