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Title: Energetics Applications for the Oil and Gas Industry

Here, early motivation and use of energetic materials in the Western World by Alfred Nobel was intended to facilitate mining, construction, and demolition activities. The motivation for the work was the recognized need for a safer energetic material as an alternate to unstabilized nitroglycerine. The invention of dynamite by Nobel was widely adopted in the civilian world and brought a fortune to Nobel, resulting in the formation of the annual Nobel Prize awards, recognizing significant achievements across many fields of endeavour. Nonetheless, further development of energetics was primarily motivated by and funded for military purposes, rather than civilian usage. And indeed much investment has been given to the development and characterization of military energetics and their application. An example application is the precision shaped charge, primarily developed as a means of focusing energy in a narrow metallic jet for deep penetration of heavy armor. However, the largest costumer today and for many years for shaped charges is not the military, but rather the oil and gas industry, which has adapted the military technology for perforation of oil and gas wells. While there are similar aspects to desired penetration capabilities in both applications, there are enough differences to warrant energetics Rmore » & D focused on oil and gas industry needs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Shell International Exploration & Production, Rijswijk (Netherlands)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-734298
Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 02 PETROLEUM
OSTI Identifier:
1373655