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Title: Chemical ordering in substituted fluorite oxides: a computational investigation of Ho 2Zr 2O 7 and RE 2Th 2O 7 (RE=Ho, Y, Gd, Nd, La)

Fluorite-structured oxides find widespread use for applications spanning nuclear energy and waste containment, energy conversion, and sensing. In such applications the host tetravalent cation is often partially substituted by trivalent cations, with an associated formation of charge-compensating oxygen vacancies. The stability and properties of such materials are known to be influenced strongly by chemical ordering of the cations and vacancies, and the nature of such ordering and associated energetics are thus of considerable interest. Here we employ density-functional theory (DFT) calculations to study the structure and energetics of cation and oxygen-vacancy ordering in Ho 2Zr 2O 7. In a recent neutron total scattering study, solid solutions in this system were reported to feature local chemical ordering based on the fluorite-derivative weberite structure. The calculations show a preferred chemical ordering qualitatively consistent with these findings, and yield values for the ordering energy of 9.5 kJ/mol-cation. Similar DFT calculations are applied to additional RE 2Th 2O 7'' fluorite compounds, spanning a range of values for the ratio of the tetravalent and trivalent (RE) cation radii. Finally, the results demonstrate that weberite-type order becomes destabilized with increasing values of this size ratio, consistent with an increasing energetic preference for the tetravalent cations tomore » have higher oxygen coordination.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; materials for energy and catalysis; theory and computation
OSTI Identifier:
1373548