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Title: Testing the role of molecular physics in dissipative divertor operations through helium plasmas at DIII-D

Recent experiments in DIII-D helium plasmas are examined to resolve the role of atomic and molecular physics in major discrepancies between experiment and modeling of dissipative divertor operation. Helium operation removes the complicated molecular processes of deuterium plasmas that are a prime candidate for the inability of standard fluid models to reproduce dissipative divertor operation, primarily the consistent under-prediction of radiated power. Modeling of these experiments shows that the full divertor radiation can be accounted for, but only if measures are taken to ensure that the model reproduces the measured divertor density. Relying on upstream measurements instead results in a lower divertor density and radiation than is measured, indicating a need for improved modeling of the connection between the diverter and the upstream scrape-off layer. Furthermore, these results show that fluid models are able to quantitatively describe the divertor-region plasma, including radiative losses, and indicate that efforts to improve the fidelity of the molecular deuterium models are likely to help resolve the discrepancy in radiation for deuterium plasmas.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Aalto Univ., Espoo (Finland)
  4. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725; AC52-07NA27344
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Contributing Orgs:
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; divertors; experiment design; tokamaks; plasma temperature; atomic and molecular physics
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361847