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Title: Metallic phases from disordered (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics

Abstract

Metallic phases have been observed in several disordered two-dimensional (2D) systems, including thin films near superconductor-insulator transitions and quantum Hall systems near plateau transitions. The existence of 2D metallic phases at zero temperature generally requires an interplay of disorder and interaction effects. Consequently, experimental observations of 2D metallic behavior have largely defied explanation. We formulate a general stability criterion for strongly interacting, massless Dirac fermions against disorder, which describe metallic ground states with vanishing density of states. We show that (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics (QED3) with a large, even number of fermion flavors remains metallic in the presence of weak scalar potential disorder due to the dynamic screening of disorder by gauge fluctuations. In conclusion, we also show that QED3 with weak mass disorder exhibits a stable, dirty metallic phase in which both interactions and disorder play important roles.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1373198
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1366581
Grant/Contract Number:  
DGE-1144245; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Goswami, Pallab, Goldman, Hart, and Raghu, S. Metallic phases from disordered (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235145.
Goswami, Pallab, Goldman, Hart, & Raghu, S. Metallic phases from disordered (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235145.
Goswami, Pallab, Goldman, Hart, and Raghu, S. Thu . "Metallic phases from disordered (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235145. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1373198.
@article{osti_1373198,
title = {Metallic phases from disordered (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics},
author = {Goswami, Pallab and Goldman, Hart and Raghu, S.},
abstractNote = {Metallic phases have been observed in several disordered two-dimensional (2D) systems, including thin films near superconductor-insulator transitions and quantum Hall systems near plateau transitions. The existence of 2D metallic phases at zero temperature generally requires an interplay of disorder and interaction effects. Consequently, experimental observations of 2D metallic behavior have largely defied explanation. We formulate a general stability criterion for strongly interacting, massless Dirac fermions against disorder, which describe metallic ground states with vanishing density of states. We show that (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics (QED3) with a large, even number of fermion flavors remains metallic in the presence of weak scalar potential disorder due to the dynamic screening of disorder by gauge fluctuations. In conclusion, we also show that QED3 with weak mass disorder exhibits a stable, dirty metallic phase in which both interactions and disorder play important roles.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235145},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 23,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 8 works
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