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Title: An investigation into support cooperativity for the deoxygenation of guaiacol over nanoparticle Ni and Rh 2P

Here, the production of hydrocarbon fuels from biomass pyrolysis requires the development of effective deoxygenation catalysts, and insight into how the properties of the support influence performance is critical for catalyst design. In this report, nanoparticles of Ni and Rh 2P were synthesized using solution-phase techniques and dispersed on high surface area supports. The supports included a relatively inert material (C), an acidic reducible metal-oxide (TiO 2), an acidic irreducible metal-oxide (Al 2O 3), and a basic irreducible metal-oxide (MgO). The eight active phase/support combinations were investigated for the deoxygenation of guaiacol, a pyrolysis vapor model compound, under ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis conditions (350 °C, 0.44 MPa H 2). Compared to the baseline performance of the C-supported catalysts, Ni/TiO 2 and Rh 2P/TiO 2 exhibited higher guaiacol conversion and lower O : C ratios for C 5+ products, highlighting the enhanced activity and greater selectivity to deoxygenated products derived from the use of an acidic reducible metal-oxide support. The Al 2O 3-supported catalysts also exhibited higher conversion than the C-supported catalysts and promoted alkylation reactions, which improve carbon efficiency and increase the carbon number of the C 5+ products. However, Ni/Al 2O 3 and Rh 2P/Al 2O 3 weremore » less selective towards deoxygenated products than the C-supported catalysts. The MgO-supported catalyst exhibited lower conversion and decreased yield of deoxygenated products compared to the C-supported catalysts. The results reported here suggest that basic metal-oxide supports may inhibit deoxygenation of phenolics under CFP conditions. Contrastingly, support acidity and reducibility were demonstrated to promote conversion and selectivity to deoxygenated products, respectively.« less
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  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2044-4753; CSTAGD
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2044-4753
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; catalytic fast pyrolysis; deoxygenation; nanoparticle; metal phosphide; support effect
OSTI Identifier: