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Title: Copper cluster size effect in methanol synthesis from CO 2

Here, size-selected Cu n catalysts ( n = 3, 4, 20) were synthesized on Al 2O 3 thin films using mass-selected cluster deposition. A systematic study of size and support effects was carried out for CO 2 hydrogenation at atmospheric pressure using a combination of in situ grazing incidence X-ray absorption spectroscopy, catalytic activity measurement, and first-principles calculations. The catalytic activity for methanol synthesis is found to strongly vary as a function of the cluster size; the Cu 4/Al 2O 3 catalyst shows the highest turnover rate for CH 3OH production. With only one atom less than Cu 4, Cu 3 showed less than 50% activity. Density functional theory calculations predict that the activities of the gas-phase Cu clusters increase as the cluster size decreases; however, the stronger charge transfer interaction with Al 2O 3 support for Cu 3 than for Cu 4 leads to remarkably reduced binding strength between the adsorbed intermediates and supported Cu 3, which subsequently results in a less favorable energetic pathway to transform carbon dioxide to methanol.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1372481