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Title: Elucidation of Active Sites for the Reaction of Ethanol on TiO 2 /Au(111)

Obtaining a molecular-level understanding of the reaction of alcohols with heterogeneous model catalysts is critical for improving industrial catalytic processes, such as the production of H 2 from alcohols. Gold has been shown to be an excellent oxidation catalyst once oxygen is added to it. The use of reducible oxides provides a source of oxygen on Au(111) for the reaction of ethanol, which is easily regenerated in the presence of an oxygen background. In this work, ethanol operates as a probe molecule to investigate the role of Au(111), TiO 2 nanoparticles, and TiO 2/Au interfacial surface sites on the catalytic properties of TiO 2/Au(111). Ultrahigh vacuum temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) studies with ethanol/Au(111) elucidate previously unreported adsorption sites for ethanol. Ethanol molecularly adsorbs to Au terrace sites, step edges, and undercoordinated kink sites with adsorption energies of -51.7, -55.8, and -65.1 kJ/mol, respectively. In a TPD coverage study of ethanol on TiO 2/Au(111) indicates ethanol undergoes dissociative adsorption to form H*(a) and CH 3CH 2O*(a) on the inverse model catalyst surface. The desorption temperature of low coverages of ethanol from TiO2/Au(111) (Tdes ≈ 235 K) is at an intermediate temperature between the desorption temperatures from bulk Au(111) and TiO 2(110), indicatingmore » both Au and TiO 2 play a role in the adsorption of ethanol. Both low-temperature adsorption and high-temperature reactions are studied and indicate that ethanol-derived products such as acetaldehyde and ethylene desorb from TiO 2/Au(111) at ~500 K. Here, we report the identification of catalytically active sites on TiO 2/Au(111) as interfacial sites between the oxide and Au(111) surface through the use of temperature-programmed desorption and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy.« less
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  1. James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447; R&D Project: CO040; KC0302010
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: