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Title: Synthesis of Copper–Silica Core–Shell Nanostructures with Sharp and Stable Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance

Copper nanoparticles exhibit intense and sharp localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in the visible region; however, the LSPR peaks become weak and broad when exposed to air due to the oxidation of Cu. In this work, the Cu nanoparticles are successfully encapsulated in SiO 2 by employing trioctyl-n-phosphine (TOP)-capped Cu nanoparticles for the sol–gel reaction, yielding an aqueous Cu–SiO 2 core–shell suspension with stable and well-preserved LSPR properties of the Cu cores. With the TOP capping, the oxidation of the Cu cores in the microemulsion was significantly reduced, thus allowing the Cu cores to sustain the sol–gel process used for coating the SiO 2 protection layer. It was found that the self-assembled TOP-capped Cu nanoparticles were spontaneously disassembled during the sol–gel reaction, thus recovering the LSPR of individual particles. During the disassembling progress, the extinction spectrum of the nanocube agglomerates evolved from a broad extinction profile to a narrow and sharp peak. For a mixture of nanocubes and nanorods, the spectra evolved to two distinct peaks during the dissembling process. The observed spectra match well with the numerical simulations. In conclusion, these Cu–SiO 2 core–shell nanoparticles with sharp and stable LSPR may greatly expand the utilization of Cu nanoparticles inmore » aqueous environments.« less
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  1. Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Dept.
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447; R&D Project: MA015MACA; KC0201010
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: