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Title: Waterlogging risk assessment based on self-organizing map (SOM) artificial neural networks: A case study of an urban storm in Beijing

Due to rapid urbanization, waterlogging induced by torrential rainfall has become a global concern and a potential risk affecting urban habitant's safety. Widespread waterlogging disasters have occurred almost annually in the urban area of Beijing, the capital of China. Based on a self-organizing map (SOM) artificial neural network (ANN), a graded waterlogging risk assessment was conducted on 56 low-lying points in Beijing, China. Social risk factors, such as Gross domestic product (GDP), population density, and traffic congestion, were utilized as input datasets in this study. The results indicate that SOM-ANN is suitable for automatically and quantitatively assessing risks associated with waterlogging. The greatest advantage of SOM-ANN in the assessment of waterlogging risk is that a priori knowledge about classification categories and assessment indicator weights is not needed. As a result, SOM-ANN can effectively overcome interference from subjective factors, producing classification results that are more objective and accurate. In this paper, the risk level of waterlogging in Beijing was divided into five grades. As a result, the points that were assigned risk grades of IV or V were located mainly in the districts of Chaoyang, Haidian, Xicheng, and Dongcheng.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Beijing Normal Univ., Beijing (China); Beijing Key Lab. of Urban Hydrological Cycle and Sponge City Technology, Beijing (China)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Mountain Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1672-6316
Publisher:
Science Press - Springer
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; waterlogging risk assessment; self-organizing map (SOM) neural network; urban storm
OSTI Identifier:
1372090