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Title: 2D-imaging of sampling-probe perturbations in laminar premixed flames using Kr X-ray fluorescence

Abstract

The perturbation of the temperature field caused by a quartz sampling probe has been investigated in a fuel-rich low-pressure premixed ethylene/oxygen/argon/krypton flame using X-ray fluorescence. The experiments were performed at the 7-BM beamline at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the Argonne National Laboratory where a continuous beam of X-rays at 15 keV was used to excite krypton atoms that were added to the unburnt flame gases in a concentration of 5% (by volume). The resulting krypton X-ray fluorescence at 12.65 keV was collected and the spatially resolved signal was subsequently converted into the local temperature of the imaged spot. One and two dimensional scans of the temperature field were obtained by translating the entire flame chamber through a pre-programmed sequence of positions on high precision translation stages and measuring the X-ray fluorescence at each location. Multiple measurements were performed at various separations between the burner surface and probe tip, representing sampling positions from the preheat, reaction, and postflame zones of the low-pressure flame. Distortions of up to 1000 K of the burner-probe centerline flame temperature were found with the tip of the probe in the preheat zone and distortions of up to 500 K were observed with it inmore » the reaction and postflame zones. Furthermore, perturbations of the temperature field have been revealed that radially reach as far as 20 mm from the burner-probe centerline and about 3 mm in front of the probe tip. Finally, these results clearly reveal the limitations of one-dimensional models for predicting flame-sampling experiments and comments are made with regard to model developments and validations based on quantitative speciation data from low-pressure flames obtained via intrusive sampling techniques.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1372076
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396737
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC04-94AL85000; AC04-94-AL85000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 181; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; X-ray fluoresence; chemical models; low-pressure flame; probe perturbation; speciation data

Citation Formats

Hansen, N., Tranter, R. S., Moshammer, K., Randazzo, J. B., Lockhart, J. P. A., Fugazzi, P. G., Tao, T., and Kastengren, A. L. 2D-imaging of sampling-probe perturbations in laminar premixed flames using Kr X-ray fluorescence. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.03.024.
Hansen, N., Tranter, R. S., Moshammer, K., Randazzo, J. B., Lockhart, J. P. A., Fugazzi, P. G., Tao, T., & Kastengren, A. L. 2D-imaging of sampling-probe perturbations in laminar premixed flames using Kr X-ray fluorescence. United States. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.03.024.
Hansen, N., Tranter, R. S., Moshammer, K., Randazzo, J. B., Lockhart, J. P. A., Fugazzi, P. G., Tao, T., and Kastengren, A. L. Fri . "2D-imaging of sampling-probe perturbations in laminar premixed flames using Kr X-ray fluorescence". United States. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.03.024. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1372076.
@article{osti_1372076,
title = {2D-imaging of sampling-probe perturbations in laminar premixed flames using Kr X-ray fluorescence},
author = {Hansen, N. and Tranter, R. S. and Moshammer, K. and Randazzo, J. B. and Lockhart, J. P. A. and Fugazzi, P. G. and Tao, T. and Kastengren, A. L.},
abstractNote = {The perturbation of the temperature field caused by a quartz sampling probe has been investigated in a fuel-rich low-pressure premixed ethylene/oxygen/argon/krypton flame using X-ray fluorescence. The experiments were performed at the 7-BM beamline at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the Argonne National Laboratory where a continuous beam of X-rays at 15 keV was used to excite krypton atoms that were added to the unburnt flame gases in a concentration of 5% (by volume). The resulting krypton X-ray fluorescence at 12.65 keV was collected and the spatially resolved signal was subsequently converted into the local temperature of the imaged spot. One and two dimensional scans of the temperature field were obtained by translating the entire flame chamber through a pre-programmed sequence of positions on high precision translation stages and measuring the X-ray fluorescence at each location. Multiple measurements were performed at various separations between the burner surface and probe tip, representing sampling positions from the preheat, reaction, and postflame zones of the low-pressure flame. Distortions of up to 1000 K of the burner-probe centerline flame temperature were found with the tip of the probe in the preheat zone and distortions of up to 500 K were observed with it in the reaction and postflame zones. Furthermore, perturbations of the temperature field have been revealed that radially reach as far as 20 mm from the burner-probe centerline and about 3 mm in front of the probe tip. Finally, these results clearly reveal the limitations of one-dimensional models for predicting flame-sampling experiments and comments are made with regard to model developments and validations based on quantitative speciation data from low-pressure flames obtained via intrusive sampling techniques.},
doi = {10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.03.024},
journal = {Combustion and Flame},
number = C,
volume = 181,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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