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Title: Structural water engaged disordered vanadium oxide nanosheets for high capacity aqueous potassium-ion storage

Aqueous electrochemical energy storage devices using potassium-ions as charge carriers are attractive due to their superior safety, lower cost and excellent transport properties compared to other alkali ions. However, the accommodation of potassium-ions with satisfactory capacity and cyclability is difficult because large ionic radius of potassium-ions causes structural distortion and instabilities even in layered electrodes. Here we report that water induces structural rearrangements of the vanadium-oxygen octahedra and enhances stability of the highly disordered potassium-intercalated vanadium oxide nanosheets. The vanadium oxide nanosheets engaged by structural water achieves high capacity (183 mAh g -1 in half-cells at a scan rate of 5 mV s -1, corresponding to 0.89 charge per vanadium) and excellent cyclability (62.5 mAh g -1 in full-cells after 5,000 cycles at 10 C). Finally, the promotional effects of structural water on the disordered vanadium oxide nanosheets will contribute to the exploration of disordered structures from earth-abundant elements for electrochemical energy storage.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Juelich (Germany)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Scientific User Facilities Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; batteries
OSTI Identifier:
1372072