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Title: Simulation of First-Charge Oxygen-Dimerization and Mn-Migration in Li-Rich Layered Oxides xLi 2MnO 3 ·(1 – x )Li MO 2 and Implications for Voltage Fade

The instabilities of Li-rich layered oxide xLi 2MnO 3•(1-x)LiMO 2 (lithium-ion-battery cathode materials) during the first charge are investigated using first-principles dynamical simulation. To complement our earlier simulations for (x = 0.4, M = Ni 0.5Mn 0.5), we address here: pure Li 2MnO 3; small x; M compositions that include Co; a composite with Co spinel: Li 2MnO 3•Li 2M 2O 4; a Li 2MnO 3 slab. Lastly, we discuss how the threshold fraction f of Li 2(1-f)MnO 3 delithiation at which instabilities occur at the surface, fth(surface), differs from that in the bulk, f th(bulk). Approaches to inhibit voltage fade are discussed.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1372070