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Title: Measurement and simulation of passive fast-ion D-alpha emission from the DIII-D tokamak

Abstract

Spectra of passive fast-ion D-alpha (FIDA) light from beam ions that charge exchange with background neutrals are measured and simulated. The fast ions come from three sources: ions that pass through the diagnostic sightlines on their first full orbit, an axisymmetric confined population, and ions that are expelled into the edge region by instabilities. A passive FIDA simulation (P-FIDASIM) is developed as a forward model for the spectra of the first-orbit fast ions and consists of an experimentally-validated beam deposition model, an ion orbit-following code, a collisional-radiative model, and a synthetic spectrometer. Model validation consists of the simulation of 86 experimental spectra that are obtained using 6 different neutral beam fast-ion sources and 13 different lines of sight. Calibrated spectra are used to estimate the neutral density throughout the cross-section of the tokamak. The resulting 2D neutral density shows the expected increase toward each X-point with average neutral densities of 8 X 109 cm-3 at the plasma boundary and 1 X 1011 cm-3 near the wall. Here, fast ions that are on passing orbits are expelled by the sawtooth instability more readily than trapped ions. In a sample discharge, approximately 1% of the fast-ion population is ejected into the highmore » neutral density region per sawtooth crash.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Nuclear Infrastructure Programs. Nuclear Facility Operations
OSTI Identifier:
1371906
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1324334; OSTI ID: 1399485
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698; FG03-94ER54271
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; passive FIDA; edge light; neutral density; FIDASIM; FIDA; sawtooth crash; fast ion losses

Citation Formats

Bolte, Nathan G., Heidbrink, William W., Pace, David, Van Zeeland, Michael, and Chen, Xi. Measurement and simulation of passive fast-ion D-alpha emission from the DIII-D tokamak. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112023.
Bolte, Nathan G., Heidbrink, William W., Pace, David, Van Zeeland, Michael, & Chen, Xi. Measurement and simulation of passive fast-ion D-alpha emission from the DIII-D tokamak. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112023
Bolte, Nathan G., Heidbrink, William W., Pace, David, Van Zeeland, Michael, and Chen, Xi. Wed . "Measurement and simulation of passive fast-ion D-alpha emission from the DIII-D tokamak". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112023. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371906.
@article{osti_1371906,
title = {Measurement and simulation of passive fast-ion D-alpha emission from the DIII-D tokamak},
author = {Bolte, Nathan G. and Heidbrink, William W. and Pace, David and Van Zeeland, Michael and Chen, Xi},
abstractNote = {Spectra of passive fast-ion D-alpha (FIDA) light from beam ions that charge exchange with background neutrals are measured and simulated. The fast ions come from three sources: ions that pass through the diagnostic sightlines on their first full orbit, an axisymmetric confined population, and ions that are expelled into the edge region by instabilities. A passive FIDA simulation (P-FIDASIM) is developed as a forward model for the spectra of the first-orbit fast ions and consists of an experimentally-validated beam deposition model, an ion orbit-following code, a collisional-radiative model, and a synthetic spectrometer. Model validation consists of the simulation of 86 experimental spectra that are obtained using 6 different neutral beam fast-ion sources and 13 different lines of sight. Calibrated spectra are used to estimate the neutral density throughout the cross-section of the tokamak. The resulting 2D neutral density shows the expected increase toward each X-point with average neutral densities of 8 X 109 cm-3 at the plasma boundary and 1 X 1011 cm-3 near the wall. Here, fast ions that are on passing orbits are expelled by the sawtooth instability more readily than trapped ions. In a sample discharge, approximately 1% of the fast-ion population is ejected into the high neutral density region per sawtooth crash.},
doi = {10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112023},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 11,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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