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Title: Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak (invited)

Abstract

A new gamma ray imager (GRI) is developed to probe the electron distribution function with 2D spatial resolution during runaway electron (RE) experiments at the DIII-D tokamak. The diagnostic is sensitive to 0.5-100 MeV gamma rays, allowing characterization of the RE distribution function evolution during RE growth and dissipation. The GRI consists of a lead "pinhole camera" mounted on the DIII-D midplane with 123 honeycombed tangential chords 20 cm wide that span the vessel interior. Up to 30 bismuth germanate (BGO) scintillation detectors capture RE bremsstrahlung radiation for Pulse Height Analysis (PHA) capable of discriminating up to 20,000 pulses per second. Digital signal processing routines combining shaping filters are performed during PHA to reject noise and record gamma ray energy. The GRI setup and PHA algorithms will be described and initial data from experiments will be presented. A synthetic diagnostic is developed to generate the gamma ray spectrum of a GRI channel given the plasma information and a prescribed distribution function. Furthermore, magnetic reconstructions of the plasma are used to calculate the angle between every GRI sightline and orient and discriminate gamma rays emitted by a field-aligned RE distribution function.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
C.M. Cooper, D.C. Pace, C. Paz-Soldan, N. Commaux, N.W. Eidietis, E.M. Hollmann, and D. Shiraki, "Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak," Rev Sci Instr 87, 11E602 (2016).
OSTI Identifier:
1371897
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Related Information: C.M. Cooper, D.C. Pace, C. Paz-Soldan, N. Commaux, N.W. Eidietis, E.M. Hollmann, and D. Shiraki, "Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak," Rev Sci Instr 87, 11E602 (2016).; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Cooper, C. M., Pace, D. C., Paz-Soldan, C., Commaux, N., Eidietis, N. W., Hollmann, E. M., and Shiraki, D. Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak (invited). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4961288.
Cooper, C. M., Pace, D. C., Paz-Soldan, C., Commaux, N., Eidietis, N. W., Hollmann, E. M., & Shiraki, D. Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak (invited). United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961288.
Cooper, C. M., Pace, D. C., Paz-Soldan, C., Commaux, N., Eidietis, N. W., Hollmann, E. M., and Shiraki, D. Tue . "Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak (invited)". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961288. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371897.
@article{osti_1371897,
title = {Applying the new gamma ray imager diagnostic to measurements of runaway electron Bremsstrahlung radiation in the DIII-D Tokamak (invited)},
author = {Cooper, C. M. and Pace, D. C. and Paz-Soldan, C. and Commaux, N. and Eidietis, N. W. and Hollmann, E. M. and Shiraki, D.},
abstractNote = {A new gamma ray imager (GRI) is developed to probe the electron distribution function with 2D spatial resolution during runaway electron (RE) experiments at the DIII-D tokamak. The diagnostic is sensitive to 0.5-100 MeV gamma rays, allowing characterization of the RE distribution function evolution during RE growth and dissipation. The GRI consists of a lead "pinhole camera" mounted on the DIII-D midplane with 123 honeycombed tangential chords 20 cm wide that span the vessel interior. Up to 30 bismuth germanate (BGO) scintillation detectors capture RE bremsstrahlung radiation for Pulse Height Analysis (PHA) capable of discriminating up to 20,000 pulses per second. Digital signal processing routines combining shaping filters are performed during PHA to reject noise and record gamma ray energy. The GRI setup and PHA algorithms will be described and initial data from experiments will be presented. A synthetic diagnostic is developed to generate the gamma ray spectrum of a GRI channel given the plasma information and a prescribed distribution function. Furthermore, magnetic reconstructions of the plasma are used to calculate the angle between every GRI sightline and orient and discriminate gamma rays emitted by a field-aligned RE distribution function.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4961288},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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