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Title: Electron cyclotron heating can drastically alter reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode activity in DIII-D through finite pressure effects

Abstract

A recent DIII-D experiment investigating the impact of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) on neutral beam driven reversed shear Alfv´en eigenmode (RSAE) activity is presented. The experiment includes variations of ECH injection location and timing, current ramp rate, beam injection geometry (on/off-axis), and neutral beam power. Essentially all variations carried out in this experiment were observed to change the impact of ECH on AE activity significantly. In some cases, RSAEs were observed to be enhanced with ECH near the off-axis minimum in magnetic safety factor (qmin), in contrast to the original DIII-D experiments where the modes were absent when ECH was deposited near qmin. It is found that during intervals when the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) frequency at qmin is elevated and the calculated RSAE minimum frequency, including contributions from thermal plasma gradients, is very near or above the nominal TAE frequency (fTAE), RSAE activity is not observed or RSAEs with a much reduced frequency sweep range are found. This condition is primarily brought about by ECH modification of the local electron temperature (Te) which can raise both the local Te at qmin as well as its gradient. A q-evolution model that incorporates this reduction in RSAE frequency sweep range ismore » in agreement with the observed spectra and appears to capture the relative balance of TAE or RSAE-like modes throughout the current ramp phase of over 38 DIII-D discharges. Detailed ideal MHD calculations using the NOVA code show both modification of plasma pressure and pressure gradient at qmin play an important role in modifying the RSAE activity. Analysis of the ECH injection near qmin case where no frequency sweeping RSAEs are observed shows the typical RSAE is no longer an eigenmode of the system. What remains is an eigenmode with poloidal harmonic content reminiscent of the standard RSAE, but absent of the typical frequency sweeping behavior. Finally, the remaining eigenmode is also often strongly coupled to gap TAEs. Analysis with the non-perturbative gyro fluid code TAEFL confirms this change in RSAE activity and also shows a large drop in the resultant mode growth rates.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [2];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [6];  [2];  [1]
  1. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  3. Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom). Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Madrid (Spain). Lab. Nacional de Fusion
  6. Max Planck Inst. fur Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany). Euratom Association
  7. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1371849
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1267534; OSTI ID: 1349668
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698; AC02-09CH11466; AC05-00OR22725; SC-G903402; EP/I501045
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; magnetohydrodynamic waves; tokamaks; fusion products effects; plasma heating by microwaves; plasma heating by particle beams

Citation Formats

Van Zeeland, M. A., Heidbrink, W. W., Sharapov, S. E., Spong, D., Cappa, A., Chen, Xi, Collins, C., García-Muñoz, M., Gorelenkov, N. N., Kramer, G. J., Lauber, P., Lin, Z., and Petty, C. Electron cyclotron heating can drastically alter reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode activity in DIII-D through finite pressure effects. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112007.
Van Zeeland, M. A., Heidbrink, W. W., Sharapov, S. E., Spong, D., Cappa, A., Chen, Xi, Collins, C., García-Muñoz, M., Gorelenkov, N. N., Kramer, G. J., Lauber, P., Lin, Z., & Petty, C. Electron cyclotron heating can drastically alter reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode activity in DIII-D through finite pressure effects. United States. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112007.
Van Zeeland, M. A., Heidbrink, W. W., Sharapov, S. E., Spong, D., Cappa, A., Chen, Xi, Collins, C., García-Muñoz, M., Gorelenkov, N. N., Kramer, G. J., Lauber, P., Lin, Z., and Petty, C. Thu . "Electron cyclotron heating can drastically alter reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode activity in DIII-D through finite pressure effects". United States. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371849.
@article{osti_1371849,
title = {Electron cyclotron heating can drastically alter reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode activity in DIII-D through finite pressure effects},
author = {Van Zeeland, M. A. and Heidbrink, W. W. and Sharapov, S. E. and Spong, D. and Cappa, A. and Chen, Xi and Collins, C. and García-Muñoz, M. and Gorelenkov, N. N. and Kramer, G. J. and Lauber, P. and Lin, Z. and Petty, C.},
abstractNote = {A recent DIII-D experiment investigating the impact of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) on neutral beam driven reversed shear Alfv´en eigenmode (RSAE) activity is presented. The experiment includes variations of ECH injection location and timing, current ramp rate, beam injection geometry (on/off-axis), and neutral beam power. Essentially all variations carried out in this experiment were observed to change the impact of ECH on AE activity significantly. In some cases, RSAEs were observed to be enhanced with ECH near the off-axis minimum in magnetic safety factor (qmin), in contrast to the original DIII-D experiments where the modes were absent when ECH was deposited near qmin. It is found that during intervals when the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) frequency at qmin is elevated and the calculated RSAE minimum frequency, including contributions from thermal plasma gradients, is very near or above the nominal TAE frequency (fTAE), RSAE activity is not observed or RSAEs with a much reduced frequency sweep range are found. This condition is primarily brought about by ECH modification of the local electron temperature (Te) which can raise both the local Te at qmin as well as its gradient. A q-evolution model that incorporates this reduction in RSAE frequency sweep range is in agreement with the observed spectra and appears to capture the relative balance of TAE or RSAE-like modes throughout the current ramp phase of over 38 DIII-D discharges. Detailed ideal MHD calculations using the NOVA code show both modification of plasma pressure and pressure gradient at qmin play an important role in modifying the RSAE activity. Analysis of the ECH injection near qmin case where no frequency sweeping RSAEs are observed shows the typical RSAE is no longer an eigenmode of the system. What remains is an eigenmode with poloidal harmonic content reminiscent of the standard RSAE, but absent of the typical frequency sweeping behavior. Finally, the remaining eigenmode is also often strongly coupled to gap TAEs. Analysis with the non-perturbative gyro fluid code TAEFL confirms this change in RSAE activity and also shows a large drop in the resultant mode growth rates.},
doi = {10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112007},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 11,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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