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Title: Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells

Abstract

Tandem solar cells using only metal-halide perovskite sub-cells are an attractive choice for next-generation solar cells. However, the progress in developing efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells has been hindered by the lack of high-performance low-bandgap perovskite solar cells. Here in this paper, we report efficient mixed tin-lead iodide low-bandgap (~1.25 eV) perovskite solar cells with open-circuit voltages up to 0.85 V and over 70% external quantum efficiencies in the infrared wavelength range of 700-900 nm, delivering a short-circuit current density of over 29 mA cm-2 and demonstrating suitability for bottom-cell applications in all-perovskite tandem solar cells. Our low-bandgap perovskite solar cells achieve a maximum power conversion efficiency of 17.6% and a certified efficiency of 17.01% with a negligible current-voltage hysteresis. Finally, when mechanically stacked with a ~1.58 eV bandgap perovskite top cell, our best all-perovskite 4-terminal tandem solar cell shows a steady-state efficiency of 21.0%.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States). Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC)
  2. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States). Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC); Wuhan Univ. (China). Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro/Nano Structures of Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Technology
  3. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States). Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC); Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China). Ordered Matter Science Research Center
  4. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Chemistry and Nanoscience Center
  5. Wuhan Univ. (China). Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro/Nano Structures of Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Technology
  6. Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China). Ordered Matter Science Research Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S). SunShot Initiative; USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1371834
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-68901
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546; MainId:17308;UUID:6fe33abc-0f68-e711-9c0f-2c44fd93e385;MainAdminID:5786
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; FOA-0000990; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; perovskite solar cells; tandom solar cells

Citation Formats

Zhao, Dewei, Yu, Yue, Wang, Changlei, Liao, Weiqiang, Shrestha, Niraj, Grice, Corey R., Cimaroli, Alexander J., Guan, Lei, Ellingson, Randy J., Zhu, Kai, Zhao, Xingzhong, Xiong, Ren-Gen, and Yan, Yanfa. Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.18.
Zhao, Dewei, Yu, Yue, Wang, Changlei, Liao, Weiqiang, Shrestha, Niraj, Grice, Corey R., Cimaroli, Alexander J., Guan, Lei, Ellingson, Randy J., Zhu, Kai, Zhao, Xingzhong, Xiong, Ren-Gen, & Yan, Yanfa. Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.18
Zhao, Dewei, Yu, Yue, Wang, Changlei, Liao, Weiqiang, Shrestha, Niraj, Grice, Corey R., Cimaroli, Alexander J., Guan, Lei, Ellingson, Randy J., Zhu, Kai, Zhao, Xingzhong, Xiong, Ren-Gen, and Yan, Yanfa. Wed . "Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.18. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371834.
@article{osti_1371834,
title = {Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells},
author = {Zhao, Dewei and Yu, Yue and Wang, Changlei and Liao, Weiqiang and Shrestha, Niraj and Grice, Corey R. and Cimaroli, Alexander J. and Guan, Lei and Ellingson, Randy J. and Zhu, Kai and Zhao, Xingzhong and Xiong, Ren-Gen and Yan, Yanfa},
abstractNote = {Tandem solar cells using only metal-halide perovskite sub-cells are an attractive choice for next-generation solar cells. However, the progress in developing efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells has been hindered by the lack of high-performance low-bandgap perovskite solar cells. Here in this paper, we report efficient mixed tin-lead iodide low-bandgap (~1.25 eV) perovskite solar cells with open-circuit voltages up to 0.85 V and over 70% external quantum efficiencies in the infrared wavelength range of 700-900 nm, delivering a short-circuit current density of over 29 mA cm-2 and demonstrating suitability for bottom-cell applications in all-perovskite tandem solar cells. Our low-bandgap perovskite solar cells achieve a maximum power conversion efficiency of 17.6% and a certified efficiency of 17.01% with a negligible current-voltage hysteresis. Finally, when mechanically stacked with a ~1.58 eV bandgap perovskite top cell, our best all-perovskite 4-terminal tandem solar cell shows a steady-state efficiency of 21.0%.},
doi = {10.1038/nenergy.2017.18},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 4,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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    • Hashemi, Seyyed Alireza; Ramakrishna, Seeram; Aberle, Armin Gerhard
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 13, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee03046h

    Approaching the Shockley–Queisser limit for fill factors in lead–tin mixed perovskite photovoltaics
    journal, January 2020

    • Jayawardena, K. D. G. I.; Bandara, R. M. I.; Monti, M.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta10543c

    Solution-processed perovskite-colloidal quantum dot tandem solar cells for photon collection beyond 1000 nm
    journal, January 2019

    • Manekkathodi, Afsal; Chen, Bin; Kim, Junghwan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11462a

    Molecular aggregation method for perovskite–fullerene bulk heterostructure solar cells
    journal, January 2020

    • Ha, Su Ryong; Jeong, Woo Hyeon; Liu, Yanliang
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11854c

    Tin( iv ) dopant removal through anti-solvent engineering enabling tin based perovskite solar cells with high charge carrier mobilities
    journal, January 2019

    • Bandara, R. M. I.; Jayawardena, K. D. G. I.; Adeyemo, S. O.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc02003a

    High efficiency flexible perovskite solar cells using SnO 2 /graphene electron selective layer and silver nanowires electrode
    journal, November 2018

    • Liu, Xiangyang; Yang, Xiaodu; Liu, Xinsheng
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 113, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5042299

    Partially replacing Pb 2+ by Mn 2+ in hybrid metal halide perovskites: Structural and electronic properties
    journal, December 2018

    • Bartesaghi, Davide; Ray, Aniruddha; Jiang, Junke
    • APL Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5060953

    Roadmap on halide perovskite and related devices
    journal, January 2020


    Enhanced photovoltaic performance and stability with a new type of hollow 3D perovskite {en}FASnI 3
    journal, August 2017

    • Ke, Weijun; Stoumpos, Constantinos C.; Zhu, Menghua
    • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701293

    Strained hybrid perovskite thin films and their impact on the intrinsic stability of perovskite solar cells
    journal, November 2017


    Sequentially Vapor-Grown Hybrid Perovskite for Planar Heterojunction Solar Cells
    journal, January 2018


    Optimization of anti-solvent engineering toward high performance perovskite solar cells
    journal, April 2019

    • Li, Jian; Yang, Ruihan; Que, Longcheng
    • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 34, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2019.122