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Title: Diagnosing phosphorus limitations in natural terrestrial ecosystems in carbon cycle models

Abstract

Most of the Earth System Models (ESMs) project increases in net primary productivity (NPP) and terrestrial carbon (C) storage during the 21st century. Despite empirical evidence that limited availability of phosphorus (P) may limit the response of NPP to increasing atmospheric CO2, none of the ESMs used in the previous Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment accounted for P limitation. We diagnosed from ESM simulations the amount of P need to support increases in carbon uptake by natural ecosystems using two approaches: the demand derived from changes in C stocks and changes in NPP. The C stock-based additional P demand was estimated to range between -31 and 193 Tg P and between -89 and 262 Tg P for Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6 and RCP8.5, respectively, with negative values indicating a P surplus. The NPP-based demand, which takes ecosystem P recycling into account, results in a significantly higher P demand of 648–1606 Tg P for RCP2.6 and 924–2110 Tg P for RCP8.5. We found that the P demand is sensitive to the turnover of P in decomposing plant material, explaining the large differences between the NPP-based demand and C stock-based demand. The discrepancy between diagnosed P demand and actual Pmore » availability (potential P deficit) depends mainly on the assumptions about availability of the different soil P forms. Altogether, future P limitation strongly depends on both soil P availability and P recycling on ecosystem scale.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [3]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [3];  [11]
  1. Sino‐French Institute for Earth System Science, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesPeking University Beijing China, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de 1'Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ Gif sur Yvette France
  2. Sino‐French Institute for Earth System Science, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesPeking University Beijing China
  3. Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de 1'Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ Gif sur Yvette France
  4. Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de 1'Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ Gif sur Yvette France, UPMC, CNRS, EPHESorbonne Universités Paris France
  5. UMR Eco&,SolsINRA Montpellier France
  6. Research Group of Plant and Vegetation Ecology (PLECO), Department of BiologyUniversity of Antwerp Antwerp Belgium
  7. CSIC, Global Ecology UnitCREAF‐CSIC‐UAB Catalonia Spain, CREAF Catalonia Spain
  8. Sino‐French Institute for Earth System Science, College of Urban and Environmental SciencesPeking University Beijing China, Institute of Tibetan Plateau ResearchChinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China
  9. Institute on Ecosystems and the Department of EcologyMontana State University Bozeman Montana USA
  10. Oak Ridge National Lab Oak Ridge Tennessee USA
  11. Shenzhen Graduate SchoolPeking University Shenzhen China
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1371595
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1371596; OSTI ID: 1399938
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Earth's Future
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Earth's Future Journal Volume: 5 Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2328-4277
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; terrestrial ecosystem; P demand; P deficit; carbon stock; NPP; ESM

Citation Formats

Sun, Yan, Peng, Shushi, Goll, Daniel S., Ciais, Philippe, Guenet, Bertrand, Guimberteau, Matthieu, Hinsinger, Philippe, Janssens, Ivan A., Peñuelas, Josep, Piao, Shilong, Poulter, Benjamin, Violette, Aurélie, Yang, Xiaojuan, Yin, Yi, and Zeng, Hui. Diagnosing phosphorus limitations in natural terrestrial ecosystems in carbon cycle models. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2016EF000472.
Sun, Yan, Peng, Shushi, Goll, Daniel S., Ciais, Philippe, Guenet, Bertrand, Guimberteau, Matthieu, Hinsinger, Philippe, Janssens, Ivan A., Peñuelas, Josep, Piao, Shilong, Poulter, Benjamin, Violette, Aurélie, Yang, Xiaojuan, Yin, Yi, & Zeng, Hui. Diagnosing phosphorus limitations in natural terrestrial ecosystems in carbon cycle models. United States. doi:10.1002/2016EF000472.
Sun, Yan, Peng, Shushi, Goll, Daniel S., Ciais, Philippe, Guenet, Bertrand, Guimberteau, Matthieu, Hinsinger, Philippe, Janssens, Ivan A., Peñuelas, Josep, Piao, Shilong, Poulter, Benjamin, Violette, Aurélie, Yang, Xiaojuan, Yin, Yi, and Zeng, Hui. Tue . "Diagnosing phosphorus limitations in natural terrestrial ecosystems in carbon cycle models". United States. doi:10.1002/2016EF000472.
@article{osti_1371595,
title = {Diagnosing phosphorus limitations in natural terrestrial ecosystems in carbon cycle models},
author = {Sun, Yan and Peng, Shushi and Goll, Daniel S. and Ciais, Philippe and Guenet, Bertrand and Guimberteau, Matthieu and Hinsinger, Philippe and Janssens, Ivan A. and Peñuelas, Josep and Piao, Shilong and Poulter, Benjamin and Violette, Aurélie and Yang, Xiaojuan and Yin, Yi and Zeng, Hui},
abstractNote = {Most of the Earth System Models (ESMs) project increases in net primary productivity (NPP) and terrestrial carbon (C) storage during the 21st century. Despite empirical evidence that limited availability of phosphorus (P) may limit the response of NPP to increasing atmospheric CO2, none of the ESMs used in the previous Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment accounted for P limitation. We diagnosed from ESM simulations the amount of P need to support increases in carbon uptake by natural ecosystems using two approaches: the demand derived from changes in C stocks and changes in NPP. The C stock-based additional P demand was estimated to range between -31 and 193 Tg P and between -89 and 262 Tg P for Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6 and RCP8.5, respectively, with negative values indicating a P surplus. The NPP-based demand, which takes ecosystem P recycling into account, results in a significantly higher P demand of 648–1606 Tg P for RCP2.6 and 924–2110 Tg P for RCP8.5. We found that the P demand is sensitive to the turnover of P in decomposing plant material, explaining the large differences between the NPP-based demand and C stock-based demand. The discrepancy between diagnosed P demand and actual P availability (potential P deficit) depends mainly on the assumptions about availability of the different soil P forms. Altogether, future P limitation strongly depends on both soil P availability and P recycling on ecosystem scale.},
doi = {10.1002/2016EF000472},
journal = {Earth's Future},
number = 7,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000472

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