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Title: Thermal-to-electrical energy conversion by diodes under negative illumination

Abstract

Here, we consider an infrared photodiode under negative illumination, wherein the photodiode is maintained at a temperature T and radiatively exposed to an emissive body colder than itself. We experimentally demonstrate that a diode under such conditions can generate electrical power. Furthermore, we show theoretically that the efficiency of energy conversion can approach the Carnot limit. This work is applicable to waste heat recovery as well as emerging efforts to utilize the cold dark universe as a thermodynamic resource for renewable energy.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1371413
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1249706
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 16; Related Information: LMI partners with California Institute of Technology (lead); Harvard University; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Santhanam, Parthiban, and Fan, Shanhui. Thermal-to-electrical energy conversion by diodes under negative illumination. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.161410.
Santhanam, Parthiban, & Fan, Shanhui. Thermal-to-electrical energy conversion by diodes under negative illumination. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.161410.
Santhanam, Parthiban, and Fan, Shanhui. Mon . "Thermal-to-electrical energy conversion by diodes under negative illumination". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.161410. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371413.
@article{osti_1371413,
title = {Thermal-to-electrical energy conversion by diodes under negative illumination},
author = {Santhanam, Parthiban and Fan, Shanhui},
abstractNote = {Here, we consider an infrared photodiode under negative illumination, wherein the photodiode is maintained at a temperature T and radiatively exposed to an emissive body colder than itself. We experimentally demonstrate that a diode under such conditions can generate electrical power. Furthermore, we show theoretically that the efficiency of energy conversion can approach the Carnot limit. This work is applicable to waste heat recovery as well as emerging efforts to utilize the cold dark universe as a thermodynamic resource for renewable energy.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.93.161410},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 16,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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Cited by: 8 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Near-field radiative thermoelectric energy converters: a review
    journal, December 2017