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Title: Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries


All-component 3D-printed lithium-ion batteries are fabricated by printing graphene-oxide-based composite inks and solid-state gel polymer electrolyte. An entirely 3D-printed full cell features a high electrode mass loading of 18 mg cm-2, which is normalized to the overall area of the battery. This all-component printing can be extended to the fabrication of multidimensional/multiscale complex-structures of more energy-storage devices.

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  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 13; Related Information: NEES partners with University of Maryland (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Florida; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories; Yale University; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 42 ENGINEERING; printed electrodes; high‐performance microbatteries; high conductivity electrodes; bio-inspired; graphene oxide; 3D printable ink; energy storage (including batteries and capacitors); defects; charge transport; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Fu, Kun, Wang, Yibo, Yan, Chaoyi, Yao, Yonggang, Chen, Yanan, Dai, Jiaqi, Lacey, Steven, Wang, Yanbin, Wan, Jiayu, Li, Tian, Wang, Zhengyang, Xu, Yue, and Hu, Liangbing. Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201505391.
Fu, Kun, Wang, Yibo, Yan, Chaoyi, Yao, Yonggang, Chen, Yanan, Dai, Jiaqi, Lacey, Steven, Wang, Yanbin, Wan, Jiayu, Li, Tian, Wang, Zhengyang, Xu, Yue, & Hu, Liangbing. Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States.
Fu, Kun, Wang, Yibo, Yan, Chaoyi, Yao, Yonggang, Chen, Yanan, Dai, Jiaqi, Lacey, Steven, Wang, Yanbin, Wan, Jiayu, Li, Tian, Wang, Zhengyang, Xu, Yue, and Hu, Liangbing. Tue . "Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States.
title = {Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Fu, Kun and Wang, Yibo and Yan, Chaoyi and Yao, Yonggang and Chen, Yanan and Dai, Jiaqi and Lacey, Steven and Wang, Yanbin and Wan, Jiayu and Li, Tian and Wang, Zhengyang and Xu, Yue and Hu, Liangbing},
abstractNote = {All-component 3D-printed lithium-ion batteries are fabricated by printing graphene-oxide-based composite inks and solid-state gel polymer electrolyte. An entirely 3D-printed full cell features a high electrode mass loading of 18 mg cm-2, which is normalized to the overall area of the battery. This all-component printing can be extended to the fabrication of multidimensional/multiscale complex-structures of more energy-storage devices.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201505391},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 13,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}

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3D Printing of Self‐Wiring Conductive Ink with High Stretchability and Stackability for Customized Wearable Devices
journal, August 2019

  • Yoon, In Seon; Oh, Youngsu; Kim, Sun Hong
  • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201900363

Customizable Nonplanar Printing of Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, August 2019

  • Yu, Xiaowei; Liu, Yangtao; Pham, Hiep
  • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201900645

The Recent Advance in Fiber-Shaped Energy Storage Devices
journal, October 2018

3D Carbon Materials for Efficient Oxygen and Hydrogen Electrocatalysis
journal, November 2019

  • Jorge, Ana Belen; Jervis, Rhodri; Periasamy, Arun Prakash
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902494

Structure Design and Composition Engineering of Carbon‐Based Nanomaterials for Lithium Energy Storage
journal, March 2020

  • Geng, Hongya; Peng, Yan; Qu, Liangti
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201903030

Miniaturized Energy Storage Devices Based on Two‐Dimensional Materials
journal, March 2020

Smart Materials and Design toward Safe and Durable Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, May 2019

Macro-/Micro-Controlled 3D Lithium-Ion Batteries via Additive Manufacturing and Electric Field Processing
journal, January 2018

Nanostructured positive electrode materials for post-lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Wang, Faxing; Wu, Xiongwei; Li, Chunyang
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6ee02070d

Printing assembly and structural regulation of graphene towards three-dimensional flexible micro-supercapacitors
journal, January 2017

  • Li, Wenbo; Li, Yonghe; Su, Meng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta02041d

A capacity recoverable zinc-ion micro-supercapacitor
journal, January 2018

  • Sun, Guoqiang; Yang, Hongsheng; Zhang, Guofeng
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee02567c

3D printing-based cellular microelectrodes for high-performance asymmetric quasi-solid-state micro-pseudocapacitors
journal, January 2020

  • Wang, Teng; Tian, Xiaocong; Li, Liang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11386j

Enhanced Battery Performance through Three-Dimensional Structured Electrodes: Experimental and Modeling Study
journal, January 2018

  • Li, Jie; Liang, Xinhua; Panat, Rahul
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1351814jes

Functional inks and printing of two-dimensional materials.
text, January 2018

  • Hu, Guohua; Kang, Joohoon; Ng, Leonard WT
  • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
  • DOI: 10.17863/cam.24846

Flourishing Bioinspired Antifogging Materials with Superwettability: Progresses and Challenges
journal, February 2018

Flexible 1D Batteries: Recent Progress and Prospects
journal, July 2019

Functional inks and printing of two-dimensional materials
journal, January 2018

  • Hu, Guohua; Kang, Joohoon; Ng, Leonard W. T.
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cs00084k

3D printing of highly conductive silver architectures enabled to sinter at low temperatures
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Jung Hyun; Lee, Sanghyeon; Wajahat, Muhammad
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr05894j

Three-Dimensional Printing of a LiFePO4/Graphite Battery Cell via Fused Deposition Modeling
journal, December 2019

Instrument for fine control of drop-on-demand electrohydrodynamic jet printing by current measurement
journal, November 2019

  • Li, Kai; Wang, Dazhi; Yi, Shanshan
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5090415

Direct 3D printing of a graphene oxide hydrogel for fabrication of a high areal specific capacitance microsupercapacitor
journal, January 2019

  • Yun, Xiawei; Lu, Bingchuan; Xiong, Zhiyuan
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ra04882k