skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Rapid, all-optical crystal orientation imaging of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) atomic materials such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted significant research and industrial interest for their electronic, optical, mechanical, and thermal properties. While large-area crystal growth techniques such as chemical vapor deposition have been demonstrated, the presence of grain boundaries and orientation of grains arising in such growths substantially affect the physical properties of the materials. There is currently no scalable characterization method for determining these boundaries and orientations over a large sample area. We here present a second-harmonic generation based microscopy technique for rapidly mapping grain orientations and boundaries of 2D TMDCs. We experimentally demonstrate the capability to map large samples to an angular resolution of ±1° with minimal sample preparation and without involved analysis. A direct comparison of the all-optical grain orientation maps against results obtained by diffraction-filtered dark-field transmission electron microscopy plus selected-area electron diffraction on identical TMDC samples is provided. This rapid and accurate tool should enable large-area characterization of TMDC samples for expedited studies of grain boundary effects and the efficient characterization of industrial-scale production techniques.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Program
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Science and Engineering
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). National Science Foundation (NSF) Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center
  5. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Science and Engineering
  6. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  7. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). National Science Foundation (NSF) Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center; King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  8. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Program, and Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1371063
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 11; Related Information: LMI partners with California Institute of Technology (lead); Harvard University; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
solar (photovoltaic); solid state lighting; phonons; thermal conductivity; electrodes - solar; materials and chemistry by design; optics; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly)

Citation Formats

David, Sabrina N., Zhai, Yao, van der Zande, Arend M., O'Brien, Kevin, Huang, Pinshane Y., Chenet, Daniel A., Hone, James C., Zhang, Xiang, and Yin, Xiaobo. Rapid, all-optical crystal orientation imaging of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4930232.
David, Sabrina N., Zhai, Yao, van der Zande, Arend M., O'Brien, Kevin, Huang, Pinshane Y., Chenet, Daniel A., Hone, James C., Zhang, Xiang, & Yin, Xiaobo. Rapid, all-optical crystal orientation imaging of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930232.
David, Sabrina N., Zhai, Yao, van der Zande, Arend M., O'Brien, Kevin, Huang, Pinshane Y., Chenet, Daniel A., Hone, James C., Zhang, Xiang, and Yin, Xiaobo. Mon . "Rapid, all-optical crystal orientation imaging of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930232. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1371063.
@article{osti_1371063,
title = {Rapid, all-optical crystal orientation imaging of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers},
author = {David, Sabrina N. and Zhai, Yao and van der Zande, Arend M. and O'Brien, Kevin and Huang, Pinshane Y. and Chenet, Daniel A. and Hone, James C. and Zhang, Xiang and Yin, Xiaobo},
abstractNote = {Two-dimensional (2D) atomic materials such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted significant research and industrial interest for their electronic, optical, mechanical, and thermal properties. While large-area crystal growth techniques such as chemical vapor deposition have been demonstrated, the presence of grain boundaries and orientation of grains arising in such growths substantially affect the physical properties of the materials. There is currently no scalable characterization method for determining these boundaries and orientations over a large sample area. We here present a second-harmonic generation based microscopy technique for rapidly mapping grain orientations and boundaries of 2D TMDCs. We experimentally demonstrate the capability to map large samples to an angular resolution of ±1° with minimal sample preparation and without involved analysis. A direct comparison of the all-optical grain orientation maps against results obtained by diffraction-filtered dark-field transmission electron microscopy plus selected-area electron diffraction on identical TMDC samples is provided. This rapid and accurate tool should enable large-area characterization of TMDC samples for expedited studies of grain boundary effects and the efficient characterization of industrial-scale production techniques.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4930232},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 107,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Grains and grain boundaries in highly crystalline monolayer molybdenum disulphide
journal, May 2013

  • van der Zande, Arend M.; Huang, Pinshane Y.; Chenet, Daniel A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 6, p. 554-561
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3633

Stretching and Breaking of Ultrathin MoS 2
journal, November 2011

  • Bertolazzi, Simone; Brivio, Jacopo; Kis, Andras
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn203879f

Vapour phase growth and grain boundary structure of molybdenum disulphide atomic layers
journal, June 2013

  • Najmaei, Sina; Liu, Zheng; Zhou, Wu
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 8, p. 754-759
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3673

Phonon thermal conductivity of monolayer MoS 2 sheet and nanoribbons
journal, September 2013

  • Liu, Xiangjun; Zhang, Gang; Pei, Qing-Xiang
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4823509

Technique for the Dry Transfer of Epitaxial Graphene onto Arbitrary Substrates
journal, January 2010

  • Caldwell, Joshua D.; Anderson, Travis J.; Culbertson, James C.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn901585p

Edge Nonlinear Optics on a MoS2 Atomic Monolayer
journal, May 2014


MoS2 Nanoparticles Grown on Graphene An Advanced Catalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, May 2011

  • Li, Yanguang; Wang, Hailiang; Xie, Liming
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 19, p. 7296-7299
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja201269b

Probing graphene grain boundaries with optical microscopy
journal, October 2012

  • Duong, Dinh Loc; Han, Gang Hee; Lee, Seung Mi
  • Nature, Vol. 490, Issue 7419
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11562

Mechanical and Electronic Properties of MoS 2 Nanoribbons and Their Defects
journal, February 2011

  • Ataca, C.; Şahin, H.; Aktürk, E.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp1115146

Emerging Photoluminescence in Monolayer MoS2
journal, April 2010

  • Splendiani, Andrea; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Yuanbo
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 1271-1275
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl903868w

Anomalous Strength Characteristics of Tilt Grain Boundaries in Graphene
journal, November 2010


Strain and structure heterogeneity in MoS2 atomic layers grown by chemical vapour deposition
journal, November 2014

  • Liu, Zheng; Amani, Matin; Najmaei, Sina
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6246

Tailoring Electrical Transport Across Grain Boundaries in Polycrystalline Graphene
journal, May 2012


A direct transfer of layer-area graphene
journal, March 2010

  • Regan, William; Alem, Nasim; Alemán, Benjamín
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 96, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3337091

Point Group Symmetry Determination via Observables Revealed by Polarized Second-Harmonic Generation Microscopy: (1) Theory
journal, July 2012

  • van der Veen, Monique A.; Vermoortele, Frederik; De Vos, Dirk E.
  • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 84, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/ac300936q

Valley-dependent optoelectronics from inversion symmetry breaking
journal, June 2008


Grains and grain boundaries in single-layer graphene atomic patchwork quilts
journal, January 2011

  • Huang, Pinshane Y.; Ruiz-Vargas, Carlos S.; van der Zande, Arend M.
  • Nature, Vol. 469, Issue 7330, p. 389-392
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09718

Atomically Thin MoS2 A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor
journal, September 2010


Synthesis of Large-Area MoS2 Atomic Layers with Chemical Vapor Deposition
journal, March 2012

  • Lee, Yi-Hsien; Zhang, Xin-Quan; Zhang, Wenjing
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 17, p. 2320-2325
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104798

Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes
journal, January 2009


Study of Si(111) Surfaces by Optical Second-Harmonic Generation: Reconstruction and Surface Phase Transformation
journal, January 1985


High-Strength Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Graphene and Grain Boundaries
journal, May 2013


The rise of graphene
journal, March 2007

  • Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 3, p. 183-191
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1849

Second harmonic microscopy of monolayer MoS 2
journal, April 2013


Valley-selective circular dichroism of monolayer molybdenum disulphide
journal, January 2012

  • Cao, Ting; Wang, Gang; Han, Wenpeng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1882

Probing Symmetry Properties of Few-Layer MoS 2 and h-BN by Optical Second-Harmonic Generation
journal, June 2013

  • Li, Yilei; Rao, Yi; Mak, Kin Fai
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl401561r

Single-layer MoS2 transistors
journal, January 2011

  • Radisavljevic, B.; Radenovic, A.; Brivio, J.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 3, p. 147-150
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.279

Measurement of the Elastic Properties and Intrinsic Strength of Monolayer Graphene
journal, July 2008


Valley polarization in MoS2 monolayers by optical pumping
journal, June 2012

  • Zeng, Hualing; Dai, Junfeng; Yao, Wang
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.95

Electronic structure of two-dimensional crystals from ab initio theory
journal, March 2009