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Title: Mesoporous MoS 2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na-Ion Charge Storage

Abstract

The ion insertion properties of MoS 2 continue to be of widespread interest for energy storage. While much of the current work on MoS 2 has been focused on the high capacity four-electron reduction reaction, this process is prone to poor reversibility. Traditional ion intercalation reactions are highlighted and it is demonstrated that ordered mesoporous thin films of MoS 2 can be utilized as a pseudocapacitive energy storage material with a specific capacity of 173 mAh g -1 for Li-ions and 118 mAh g -1 for Na-ions at 1 mV s -1. Utilizing synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction techniques, fast electrochemical kinetics are correlated with the ordered porous structure and with an iso-oriented crystal structure. When Li-ions are utilized, the material can be charged and discharged in 20 seconds while still achieving a specific capacity of 140 mAh g -1. Moreover, the nanoscale architecture of mesoporous MoS2 retains this level of lithium capacity for 10 000 cycles. A detailed electrochemical kinetic analysis indicates that energy storage for both ions in MoS 2 is due to a pseudocapacitive mechanism.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). The California NanoSystems Inst.
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). The California NanoSystems Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), Washington D.C. (United States). Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials (MEEM)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1370230
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001342; SC0014213
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 9; Related Information: MEEM partners with University of California, Los Angeles (lead); University of California, Berkeley; Eastern Washington University; University of Kansas; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
electrochemical-energy storage; psuedocapacitance; lithium-ion batteries; MoS2; sodium-ion batteries

Citation Formats

Cook, John B., Kim, Hyung-Seok, Yan, Yan, Ko, Jesse S., Robbennolt, Shauna, Dunn, Bruce, and Tolbert, Sarah H. Mesoporous MoS2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na-Ion Charge Storage. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201501937.
Cook, John B., Kim, Hyung-Seok, Yan, Yan, Ko, Jesse S., Robbennolt, Shauna, Dunn, Bruce, & Tolbert, Sarah H. Mesoporous MoS2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na-Ion Charge Storage. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201501937.
Cook, John B., Kim, Hyung-Seok, Yan, Yan, Ko, Jesse S., Robbennolt, Shauna, Dunn, Bruce, and Tolbert, Sarah H. Mon . "Mesoporous MoS2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na-Ion Charge Storage". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201501937. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1370230.
@article{osti_1370230,
title = {Mesoporous MoS2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na-Ion Charge Storage},
author = {Cook, John B. and Kim, Hyung-Seok and Yan, Yan and Ko, Jesse S. and Robbennolt, Shauna and Dunn, Bruce and Tolbert, Sarah H.},
abstractNote = {The ion insertion properties of MoS2 continue to be of widespread interest for energy storage. While much of the current work on MoS2 has been focused on the high capacity four-electron reduction reaction, this process is prone to poor reversibility. Traditional ion intercalation reactions are highlighted and it is demonstrated that ordered mesoporous thin films of MoS2 can be utilized as a pseudocapacitive energy storage material with a specific capacity of 173 mAh g-1 for Li-ions and 118 mAh g-1 for Na-ions at 1 mV s-1. Utilizing synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction techniques, fast electrochemical kinetics are correlated with the ordered porous structure and with an iso-oriented crystal structure. When Li-ions are utilized, the material can be charged and discharged in 20 seconds while still achieving a specific capacity of 140 mAh g-1. Moreover, the nanoscale architecture of mesoporous MoS2 retains this level of lithium capacity for 10 000 cycles. A detailed electrochemical kinetic analysis indicates that energy storage for both ions in MoS2 is due to a pseudocapacitive mechanism.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201501937},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = 9,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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