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Title: Origins of enhanced thermoelectric power factor in topologically insulating Bi 0.64Sb 1.36Te 3 thin films

In this paper, we report the enhanced thermoelectric power factor in topologically insulating thin films of Bi 0.64Sb 1.36Te 3 with a thickness of 6–200 nm. Measurements of scanning tunneling spectroscopy and electronic transport show that the Fermi level lies close to the valence band edge, and that the topological surface state (TSS) is electron dominated. We find that the Seebeck coefficient of the 6 nm and 15 nm thick films is dominated by the valence band, while the TSS chiefly contributes to the electrical conductivity. In contrast, the electronic transport of the reference 200 nm thick film behaves similar to bulk thermoelectric materials with low carrier concentration, implying the effect of the TSS on the electronic transport is merely prominent in the thin region. The conductivity of the 6 nm and 15 nm thick film is obviously higher than that in the 200 nm thick film owing to the highly mobile TSS conduction channel. As a consequence of the enhanced electrical conductivity and the suppressed bipolar effect in transport properties for the 6 nm thick film, an impressive power factor of about 2.0 mW m –1 K –2 is achieved at room temperature for this film. Further investigations ofmore » the electronic transport properties of TSS and interactions between TSS and the bulk band might result in a further improved thermoelectric power factor in topologically insulating Bi 0.64Sb 1.36Te 3 thin films.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Wuhan Univ. of Technology, Wuhan (China)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Wuhan Univ. of Technology, Wuhan (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0000957; PI0000012; SC-0000957
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: 4; Related Information: CSTEC partners with University of Michigan (lead); Kent State University; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), Washington, D.C. (United States). Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1370100
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1236107