skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Significant impacts of irrigation water sources and methods on modeling irrigation effects in the ACME Land Model

An irrigation module that considers both irrigation water sources and irrigation methods has been incorporated into the ACME Land Model (ALM). Global numerical experiments were conducted to evaluate the impacts of irrigation water sources and irrigation methods on the simulated irrigation effects. All simulations shared the same irrigation soil moisture target constrained by a global census dataset of irrigation amounts. Irrigation has large impacts on terrestrial water balances especially in regions with extensive irrigation. Such effects depend on the irrigation water sources: surface-water-fed irrigation leads to decreases in runoff and water table depth, while groundwater-fed irrigation increases water table depth, with positive or negative effects on runoff depending on the pumping intensity. Irrigation effects also depend significantly on the irrigation methods. Flood irrigation applies water in large volumes within short durations, resulting in much larger impacts on runoff and water table depth than drip and sprinkler irrigations. Differentiating the irrigation water sources and methods is important not only for representing the distinct pathways of how irrigation influences the terrestrial water balances, but also for estimating irrigation water use efficiency. Specifically, groundwater pumping has lower irrigation water use efficiency due to enhanced recharge rates. Different irrigation methods also affect water usemore » efficiency, with drip irrigation the most efficient followed by sprinkler and flood irrigation. Furthermore, our results highlight the importance of explicitly accounting for irrigation sources and irrigation methods, which are the least understood and constrained aspects in modeling irrigation water demand, water scarcity and irrigation effects in Earth System Models.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-122834
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466; KP1703020
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; irrigation; groundwater pumping; irrigation methods; ACME
OSTI Identifier:
1369477
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1369478; OSTI ID: 1393744

Leng, Guoyong, Leung, L. Ruby, and Huang, Maoyi. Significant impacts of irrigation water sources and methods on modeling irrigation effects in the ACME Land Model. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/2016MS000885.
Leng, Guoyong, Leung, L. Ruby, & Huang, Maoyi. Significant impacts of irrigation water sources and methods on modeling irrigation effects in the ACME Land Model. United States. doi:10.1002/2016MS000885.
Leng, Guoyong, Leung, L. Ruby, and Huang, Maoyi. 2017. "Significant impacts of irrigation water sources and methods on modeling irrigation effects in the ACME Land Model". United States. doi:10.1002/2016MS000885.
@article{osti_1369477,
title = {Significant impacts of irrigation water sources and methods on modeling irrigation effects in the ACME Land Model},
author = {Leng, Guoyong and Leung, L. Ruby and Huang, Maoyi},
abstractNote = {An irrigation module that considers both irrigation water sources and irrigation methods has been incorporated into the ACME Land Model (ALM). Global numerical experiments were conducted to evaluate the impacts of irrigation water sources and irrigation methods on the simulated irrigation effects. All simulations shared the same irrigation soil moisture target constrained by a global census dataset of irrigation amounts. Irrigation has large impacts on terrestrial water balances especially in regions with extensive irrigation. Such effects depend on the irrigation water sources: surface-water-fed irrigation leads to decreases in runoff and water table depth, while groundwater-fed irrigation increases water table depth, with positive or negative effects on runoff depending on the pumping intensity. Irrigation effects also depend significantly on the irrigation methods. Flood irrigation applies water in large volumes within short durations, resulting in much larger impacts on runoff and water table depth than drip and sprinkler irrigations. Differentiating the irrigation water sources and methods is important not only for representing the distinct pathways of how irrigation influences the terrestrial water balances, but also for estimating irrigation water use efficiency. Specifically, groundwater pumping has lower irrigation water use efficiency due to enhanced recharge rates. Different irrigation methods also affect water use efficiency, with drip irrigation the most efficient followed by sprinkler and flood irrigation. Furthermore, our results highlight the importance of explicitly accounting for irrigation sources and irrigation methods, which are the least understood and constrained aspects in modeling irrigation water demand, water scarcity and irrigation effects in Earth System Models.},
doi = {10.1002/2016MS000885},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 3,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}