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Title: Nonpolar InGaN/GaN core–shell single nanowire lasers

We report lasing from nonpolar p-i-n InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well core–shell single-nanowire lasers by optical pumping at room temperature. The nanowire lasers were fabricated using a hybrid approach consisting of a top-down two-step etch process followed by a bottom-up regrowth process, enabling precise geometrical control and high material gain and optical confinement. The modal gain spectra and the gain curves of the core–shell nanowire lasers were measured using micro-photoluminescence and analyzed using the Hakki-Paoli method. Significantly lower lasing thresholds due to high optical gain were measured compared to previously reported semipolar InGaN/GaN core–shell nanowires, despite significantly shorter cavity lengths and reduced active region volume. Mode simulations show that due to the core–shell architecture, annular-shaped modes have higher optical confinement than solid transverse modes. Furthermore, the results show the viability of this p-i-n nonpolar core–shell nanowire architecture, previously investigated for next-generation light-emitting diodes, as low-threshold, coherent UV–visible nanoscale light emitters, and open a route toward monolithic, integrable, electrically injected single-nanowire lasers operating at room temperature.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-1645J
Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984; 654144
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). EFRC for Solid State Lighting Science (SSLS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; core−shell; GaN; InGaN; laser; nanowire; nonpolar
OSTI Identifier:
1369452