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Title: Modelling jets, tori and flares in pulsar wind nebulae

In this contribution we review the recent progress in the modelling of Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWN). We start with a brief overview of the relevant physical processes in the magnetosphere, the wind-zone and the inflated nebula bubble. Radiative signatures and particle transport processes obtained from 3D simulations of PWN are discussed in the context of optical and X-ray observations. We then proceed to consider particle acceleration in PWN and elaborate on what can be learned about the particle acceleration from the dynamical structures called GwispsG observed in the Crab nebula. We also discuss recent observational and theoretical results of gamma-ray flares and the inner knot of the Crab nebula, which had been proposed as the emission site of the flares. Here, we extend the discussion to GeV flares from binary systems in which the pulsar wind interacts with the stellar wind from a companion star. The chapter concludes with a discussion of solved and unsolved problems posed by PWN.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Institute for Theoretical Physics, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
  2. DESY, Zeuthen (Germany)
  3. Univ. degli Studi di Firenze, Sesto (Firenze) (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Firenze, Sesto (Firenze) (Italy); INAF Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze (Italy)
  4. Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. degli Studi di Firenze, Sesto (Firenze) (Italy); INAF Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze (Italy)
  7. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  8. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; 610058; TEONGRAV; Fisica dei plasmi relativistici: toeria e appli- cazioni moderne; Research Fellowship; NNX14AH35G; 1411920; 1455342
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Space Science Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 207; Journal Issue: 1-4; Journal ID: ISSN 0038-6308
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: