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Title: Design and characterization of a prototype divertor viewing infrared video bolometer for NSTX-U

Abstract

The InfraRed Video Bolometer (IRVB) is a powerful tool to measure radiated power in magnetically confined plasmas due to its ability to obtain 2D images of plasma emission using a technique that is compatible with the fusion nuclear environment. A prototype IRVB has been developed and installed on NSTX-U to view the lower divertor. The IRVB is a pinhole camera which images radiation from the plasma onto a 2.5 μm thick, 9 × 7 cm2 Pt foil and monitors the resulting spatio-temporal temperature evolution using an IR camera. The power flux incident on the foil is calculated by solving the 2D+time heat diffusion equation, using the foil’s calibrated thermal properties. An optimized, high frame rate IRVB, is quantitatively compared to results from a resistive bolometer on the bench using a modulated 405 nm laser beam with variable power density and square wave modulation from 0.2 Hz to 250 Hz. The design of the NSTX-U system and benchtop characterization are presented where signal-to-noise ratios are assessed using three different IR cameras: FLIR A655sc, FLIR A6751sc, and SBF-161. The sensitivity of the IRVB equipped with the SBF-161 camera is found to be high enough to measure radiation features in the NSTX-U lowermore » divertor as estimated using SOLPS modeling. Here, the optimized IRVB has a frame rate up to 50 Hz, high enough to distinguish radiation during edge-localized-modes (ELMs) from that between ELMs.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [1]
  1. Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, AJ Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki (Japan)
  4. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  5. National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Naka (Japan)
  6. Institute for Plasma Research, Gujarat (India)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1368686
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1412066
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

van Eden, G. G., Reinke, M. L., Peterson, B. J., Gray, T. K., Delgado-Aparicio, L. F., Jaworski, M. A., Lore, J., Mukai, K., Sano, R., Pandya, S. N., and Morgan, T. W. Design and characterization of a prototype divertor viewing infrared video bolometer for NSTX-U. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4955487.
van Eden, G. G., Reinke, M. L., Peterson, B. J., Gray, T. K., Delgado-Aparicio, L. F., Jaworski, M. A., Lore, J., Mukai, K., Sano, R., Pandya, S. N., & Morgan, T. W. Design and characterization of a prototype divertor viewing infrared video bolometer for NSTX-U. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4955487.
van Eden, G. G., Reinke, M. L., Peterson, B. J., Gray, T. K., Delgado-Aparicio, L. F., Jaworski, M. A., Lore, J., Mukai, K., Sano, R., Pandya, S. N., and Morgan, T. W. Tue . "Design and characterization of a prototype divertor viewing infrared video bolometer for NSTX-U". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4955487. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368686.
@article{osti_1368686,
title = {Design and characterization of a prototype divertor viewing infrared video bolometer for NSTX-U},
author = {van Eden, G. G. and Reinke, M. L. and Peterson, B. J. and Gray, T. K. and Delgado-Aparicio, L. F. and Jaworski, M. A. and Lore, J. and Mukai, K. and Sano, R. and Pandya, S. N. and Morgan, T. W.},
abstractNote = {The InfraRed Video Bolometer (IRVB) is a powerful tool to measure radiated power in magnetically confined plasmas due to its ability to obtain 2D images of plasma emission using a technique that is compatible with the fusion nuclear environment. A prototype IRVB has been developed and installed on NSTX-U to view the lower divertor. The IRVB is a pinhole camera which images radiation from the plasma onto a 2.5 μm thick, 9 × 7 cm2 Pt foil and monitors the resulting spatio-temporal temperature evolution using an IR camera. The power flux incident on the foil is calculated by solving the 2D+time heat diffusion equation, using the foil’s calibrated thermal properties. An optimized, high frame rate IRVB, is quantitatively compared to results from a resistive bolometer on the bench using a modulated 405 nm laser beam with variable power density and square wave modulation from 0.2 Hz to 250 Hz. The design of the NSTX-U system and benchtop characterization are presented where signal-to-noise ratios are assessed using three different IR cameras: FLIR A655sc, FLIR A6751sc, and SBF-161. The sensitivity of the IRVB equipped with the SBF-161 camera is found to be high enough to measure radiation features in the NSTX-U lower divertor as estimated using SOLPS modeling. Here, the optimized IRVB has a frame rate up to 50 Hz, high enough to distinguish radiation during edge-localized-modes (ELMs) from that between ELMs.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4955487},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Comparison of Au and Pt Foils for an Imaging Bolometer
journal, January 2010

  • Peterson, Byron J.; Drapiko, Evgeny A.; Seo, Dongcheol
  • Plasma and Fusion Research, Vol. 5
  • DOI: 10.1585/pfr.5.035

Calibration and sensitivity of the infrared imaging video bolometer
journal, March 2003

  • Peterson, B. J.; Kostrioukov, A. Yu.; Ashikawa, N.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 74, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1537031

A reconsideration of the noise equivalent power and the data analysis procedure for the infrared imaging video bolometers
journal, December 2014

  • Pandya, Shwetang N.; Peterson, Byron J.; Kobayashi, Masahiro
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4902183

Foil Calibration for IR Imaging Bolometer by Laser Irradiation
journal, January 2012

  • Sano, Ryuichi; Peterson, Byron J.; Drapiko, Evgeny A.
  • Plasma and Fusion Research, Vol. 7, Issue 0
  • DOI: 10.1585/pfr.7.2405039

Development of imaging bolometers for magnetic fusion reactors (invited)
journal, October 2008

  • Peterson, Byron J.; Parchamy, Homaira; Ashikawa, Naoko
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2988822

Bolometric imaging of detached plasmas in LHD
journal, August 2011


Simulation of the Edge Plasma in Tokamaks
journal, January 2004


Progress toward commissioning and plasma operation in NSTX-U
journal, June 2015


Two dimensional radiated power diagnostics on Alcator C-Mod
journal, October 2008

  • Reinke, M. L.; Hutchinson, I. H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2965018