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Title: Measurement of a cosmographic distance ratio with galaxy and cosmic microwave background lensing

Abstract

We measure the gravitational lensing shear signal around dark matter halos hosting constant mass galaxies using light sources at z~1 (background galaxies) and at the surface of last scattering at z~1100 (the cosmic microwave background). The galaxy shear measurement uses data from the CFHTLenS survey, and the microwave background shear measurement uses data from the Planck satellite. The ratio of shears from these cross-correlations provides a purely geometric distance measurement across the longest possible cosmological lever arm. This is because the matter distribution around the halos, including uncertainties in galaxy bias and systematic errors such as miscentering, cancels in the ratio for halos in thin redshift slices. We measure this distance ratio in three different redshift slices of the constant mass (CMASS) sample and combine them to obtain a 17% measurement of the distance ratio, r = 0.390+0.070–0.062, at an effective redshift of z = 0.53. As a result, this is consistent with the predicted ratio from the Planck best-fit cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant cosmology of r = 0.419.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); The Univ. of Tokyo, Chiba (Japan)
  2. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States); Flatiron Institute, New York, NY (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1368676
Report Number(s):
BNL-114018-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; TRN: US1702752
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Miyatake, Hironao, Madhavacheril, Mathew S., Sehgal, Neelima, Slosar, Anze, Spergel, David N., Sherwin, Blake, and van Engelen, Alexander. Measurement of a cosmographic distance ratio with galaxy and cosmic microwave background lensing. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.161301.
Miyatake, Hironao, Madhavacheril, Mathew S., Sehgal, Neelima, Slosar, Anze, Spergel, David N., Sherwin, Blake, & van Engelen, Alexander. Measurement of a cosmographic distance ratio with galaxy and cosmic microwave background lensing. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.161301.
Miyatake, Hironao, Madhavacheril, Mathew S., Sehgal, Neelima, Slosar, Anze, Spergel, David N., Sherwin, Blake, and van Engelen, Alexander. Mon . "Measurement of a cosmographic distance ratio with galaxy and cosmic microwave background lensing". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.161301. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368676.
@article{osti_1368676,
title = {Measurement of a cosmographic distance ratio with galaxy and cosmic microwave background lensing},
author = {Miyatake, Hironao and Madhavacheril, Mathew S. and Sehgal, Neelima and Slosar, Anze and Spergel, David N. and Sherwin, Blake and van Engelen, Alexander},
abstractNote = {We measure the gravitational lensing shear signal around dark matter halos hosting constant mass galaxies using light sources at z~1 (background galaxies) and at the surface of last scattering at z~1100 (the cosmic microwave background). The galaxy shear measurement uses data from the CFHTLenS survey, and the microwave background shear measurement uses data from the Planck satellite. The ratio of shears from these cross-correlations provides a purely geometric distance measurement across the longest possible cosmological lever arm. This is because the matter distribution around the halos, including uncertainties in galaxy bias and systematic errors such as miscentering, cancels in the ratio for halos in thin redshift slices. We measure this distance ratio in three different redshift slices of the constant mass (CMASS) sample and combine them to obtain a 17% measurement of the distance ratio, r = 0.390+0.070–0.062, at an effective redshift of z = 0.53. As a result, this is consistent with the predicted ratio from the Planck best-fit cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant cosmology of r = 0.419.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.161301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 16,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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