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Title: Design and fabrication of a differential scanning nanocalorimeter

This paper describes the design, fabrication, and characterization of a differential scanning nanocalorimeter that significantly reduces the sample volume to microliters and can potentially improve the temperature sensitivity to 10 µK. The nanocalorimeter consists of a polymeric freestanding membrane, four high-sensitive low-noise thermistors based on silicon carbide (SiC), and a platinum heater and temperature sensor. With the integrated heater and sensors, temperature scanning and power compensation can be achieved for calorimetric measurement. Temperature sensing SiC film was prepared by using sintered SiC target and DC magnetron sputtering under different gas pressures and sputtering power. The SiC sensing material is characterized through the measurement of current–voltage curves and noise levels. The thermal performance of a fabricated nanocalorimeter is studied in simulation and experiment. The experiment results show the device has excellent thermal isolation to hold thermal energy. As a result, the noise test together with the simulation show the device is promising for micro 10 µK temperature sensitivity and nanowatt resolution which will lead to low-volume ultra-sensitive nanocalorimetry for biological processes, such as protein folding and ligand binding.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  2. State Univ. of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1317; KC0403020
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. Structures, Devices and Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1317
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; differential scanning nanocalorimeter; microfabrication; Center for Functional Nanomaterials; silicon carbide; platinum; heater; sputtering
OSTI Identifier: