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Title: Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo

Abstract

The universe is permeated by magnetic fields, with strengths ranging from a femtogauss in the voids between the filaments of galaxy clusters to several teragauss in black holes and neutron stars. The standard model behind cosmological magnetic fields is the nonlinear amplification of seed fields via turbulent dynamo to the values observed. We have conceived experiments that aim to demonstrate and study the turbulent dynamo mechanism in the laboratory. Here, we describe the design of these experiments through simulation campaigns using FLASH, a highly capable radiation magnetohydrodynamics code that we have developed, and large-scale three-dimensional simulations on the Mira supercomputer at the Argonne National Laboratory. The simulation results indicate that the experimental platform may be capable of reaching a turbulent plasma state and determining the dynamo amplification. As a result, we validate and compare our numerical results with a small subset of experimental data using synthetic diagnostics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7];  [5];  [8];  [9];  [10]; ORCiD logo [5];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [2]; ORCiD logo [13];  [7] more »; ORCiD logo [7];  [7]; ORCiD logo [14];  [7];  [5];  [2];  [15];  [16];  [2]; ORCiD logo [11];  [17];  [5] « less
  1. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  3. Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom); Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom)
  4. CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon (France)
  5. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  6. Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching (Germany); Space Research Institute (IKI), Moscow (Russia)
  7. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  9. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  10. AWE, West Berkshire (United Kingdom)
  11. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  12. Univ. Paris VI Ecole Polytechnique (France)
  13. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  14. UNIST, Ulsan (South Korea)
  15. Queens Univ. Belfast, Belfast (United Kingdom)
  16. ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
  17. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1368578
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1363695; OSTI ID: 1374511; OSTI ID: 1495712
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-733532
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; PHY-0903997; PHY-1619573; 2016R1A5A1013277; B523820; AC02-06CH11357; NA0001944; NA0002724; SC0016566; FWP 57789; EP/M022331/1; EP/N002644/1; EP/N014472/1; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Tzeferacos, Petros, Rigby, A., Bott, A., Bell, A. R., Bingham, R., Casner, A., Cattaneo, F., Churazov, E. M., Emig, J., Flocke, N., Fiuza, F., Forest, C. B., Foster, J., Graziani, C., Katz, J., Koenig, M., Li, C. -K., Meinecke, J., Petrasso, R., Park, H. -S., Remington, B. A., Ross, J. S., Ryu, D., Ryutov, D., Weide, K., White, T. G., Reville, B., Miniati, F., Schekochihin, A. A., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., and Lamb, D. Q. Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4978628.
Tzeferacos, Petros, Rigby, A., Bott, A., Bell, A. R., Bingham, R., Casner, A., Cattaneo, F., Churazov, E. M., Emig, J., Flocke, N., Fiuza, F., Forest, C. B., Foster, J., Graziani, C., Katz, J., Koenig, M., Li, C. -K., Meinecke, J., Petrasso, R., Park, H. -S., Remington, B. A., Ross, J. S., Ryu, D., Ryutov, D., Weide, K., White, T. G., Reville, B., Miniati, F., Schekochihin, A. A., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., & Lamb, D. Q. Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4978628.
Tzeferacos, Petros, Rigby, A., Bott, A., Bell, A. R., Bingham, R., Casner, A., Cattaneo, F., Churazov, E. M., Emig, J., Flocke, N., Fiuza, F., Forest, C. B., Foster, J., Graziani, C., Katz, J., Koenig, M., Li, C. -K., Meinecke, J., Petrasso, R., Park, H. -S., Remington, B. A., Ross, J. S., Ryu, D., Ryutov, D., Weide, K., White, T. G., Reville, B., Miniati, F., Schekochihin, A. A., Froula, D. H., Gregori, G., and Lamb, D. Q. Wed . "Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4978628. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368578.
@article{osti_1368578,
title = {Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo},
author = {Tzeferacos, Petros and Rigby, A. and Bott, A. and Bell, A. R. and Bingham, R. and Casner, A. and Cattaneo, F. and Churazov, E. M. and Emig, J. and Flocke, N. and Fiuza, F. and Forest, C. B. and Foster, J. and Graziani, C. and Katz, J. and Koenig, M. and Li, C. -K. and Meinecke, J. and Petrasso, R. and Park, H. -S. and Remington, B. A. and Ross, J. S. and Ryu, D. and Ryutov, D. and Weide, K. and White, T. G. and Reville, B. and Miniati, F. and Schekochihin, A. A. and Froula, D. H. and Gregori, G. and Lamb, D. Q.},
abstractNote = {The universe is permeated by magnetic fields, with strengths ranging from a femtogauss in the voids between the filaments of galaxy clusters to several teragauss in black holes and neutron stars. The standard model behind cosmological magnetic fields is the nonlinear amplification of seed fields via turbulent dynamo to the values observed. We have conceived experiments that aim to demonstrate and study the turbulent dynamo mechanism in the laboratory. Here, we describe the design of these experiments through simulation campaigns using FLASH, a highly capable radiation magnetohydrodynamics code that we have developed, and large-scale three-dimensional simulations on the Mira supercomputer at the Argonne National Laboratory. The simulation results indicate that the experimental platform may be capable of reaching a turbulent plasma state and determining the dynamo amplification. As a result, we validate and compare our numerical results with a small subset of experimental data using synthetic diagnostics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4978628},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematics and numerical simulations of previous experiments conducted at Vulcan. a) Cartoon of the rod-grid experiment. b) 3D FLASH simulation of the rod-grid experiment. Displayed is the density logarithm when the shock traverses the plastic grid, stirring turbulence that amplifies the Biermann battery generated field by a factormore » of two. Numerical models of this experiment enabled the interpretation of the experimental results. c) Cartoon of the colliding flows experiment, where higher Rm values where obtained. d) 2D cylindrical FLASH simulation of the colliding flows experiment.« less

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