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Title: Cost and energy demand of producing nickel manganese cobalt cathode material for lithium ion batteries

The price of the cathode active materials in lithium ion batteries is a key cost driver and thus significantly impacts consumer adoption of devices that utilize large energy storage contents (e.g. electric vehicles). A process model has been developed and used to study the production process of a common lithium-ion cathode material, lithiated nickel manganese cobalt oxide, using the co-precipitation method. The process was simulated for a plant producing 6500 kg day –1. The results indicate that the process will consume approximately 4 kWh kg NMC –1 of energy, 15 L kg NMC –1 of process water, and cost $23 to produce a kg of Li-NMC333. The calculations were extended to compare the production cost using two co-precipitation reactions (with Na 2CO 3 and NaOH), and similar cathode active materials such as lithium manganese oxide and lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide. Finally, a combination of cost saving opportunities show the possibility to reduce the cost of the cathode material by 19%.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 342; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; BatPaC; NMC333; cathode material; production; lithium-ion battery; nickel manganese cobalt oxide
OSTI Identifier:
1368567
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397399

Ahmed, Shabbir, Nelson, Paul A., Gallagher, Kevin G., Susarla, Naresh, and Dees, Dennis W.. Cost and energy demand of producing nickel manganese cobalt cathode material for lithium ion batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.069.
Ahmed, Shabbir, Nelson, Paul A., Gallagher, Kevin G., Susarla, Naresh, & Dees, Dennis W.. Cost and energy demand of producing nickel manganese cobalt cathode material for lithium ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.069.
Ahmed, Shabbir, Nelson, Paul A., Gallagher, Kevin G., Susarla, Naresh, and Dees, Dennis W.. 2017. "Cost and energy demand of producing nickel manganese cobalt cathode material for lithium ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.069. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368567.
@article{osti_1368567,
title = {Cost and energy demand of producing nickel manganese cobalt cathode material for lithium ion batteries},
author = {Ahmed, Shabbir and Nelson, Paul A. and Gallagher, Kevin G. and Susarla, Naresh and Dees, Dennis W.},
abstractNote = {The price of the cathode active materials in lithium ion batteries is a key cost driver and thus significantly impacts consumer adoption of devices that utilize large energy storage contents (e.g. electric vehicles). A process model has been developed and used to study the production process of a common lithium-ion cathode material, lithiated nickel manganese cobalt oxide, using the co-precipitation method. The process was simulated for a plant producing 6500 kg day–1. The results indicate that the process will consume approximately 4 kWh kgNMC–1 of energy, 15 L kgNMC–1 of process water, and cost $23 to produce a kg of Li-NMC333. The calculations were extended to compare the production cost using two co-precipitation reactions (with Na2CO3 and NaOH), and similar cathode active materials such as lithium manganese oxide and lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide. Finally, a combination of cost saving opportunities show the possibility to reduce the cost of the cathode material by 19%.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.069},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 342,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}