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Title: Experimental study of shock-accelerated inclined heavy gas cylinder

An experimental study examines shock acceleration with an initially diffuse cylindrical column of sulfur hexafluoride surrounded by air and inclined with respect to the shock front. Three-dimensional vorticity deposition produces flow patterns whose evolution is captured with planar laser-induced fluorescence in two planes. Both planes are thus parallel to the direction of the shock propagation. The first plane is vertical and passes through the axis of the column. The second visualization plane is normal to the first plane and passes through the centerline of the shock tube. Vortex formation in the vertical and centerline planes is initially characterized by different rates and morphologies due to differences in initial vorticity deposition. In the vertical plane, the vortex structure manifests a periodicity that varies with Mach number. The dominant wavelength in the vertical plane can be related to the geometry and compressibility of the initial conditions. At later times, the vortex interaction produces a complex and irregular three-dimensional pattern suggesting transition to turbulence. We present highly repeatable experimental data for Mach numbers 1.13, 1.4, 1.7, and 2.0 at column incline angles of 0, 20, and 30 degrees for about 50 nominal cylinder diameters (30 cm) of downstream travel.
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  1. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT), Kanpur (India). Dept. of Aerospace Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002913; NA0002220
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Experiments in Fluids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0723-4864
Research Org:
Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; shock waves; mixing; compressible flow; Richtmyer-Meshkov instability
OSTI Identifier: