skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Instability of the topological surface state in Bi 2 Se 3 upon deposition of gold

Abstract

Momentum-resolved photoemission spectroscopy indicates the instability of the Dirac surface state upon deposition of gold on the (0001) surface of the topological insulator Bi2Se3. Based on the structure model derived from extended x-ray absorption fine structure experiments showing that gold atoms substitute bismuth atoms, first-principles calculations provide evidence that a gap appears due to hybridization of the surface state with gold d states near the Fermi level. Here, our findings provide insights into the mechanisms affecting the stability of the surface state.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [1];  [1]
  1. Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany)
  2. Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich (Germany); Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany)
  3. Johannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany); Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany)
  4. Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC (Canada)
  5. Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Basque Country (Spain); Tomsk State Univ. (Russia); Saint Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)
  6. Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany); Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Basque Country (Spain)
  7. Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany); KTH Royal Inst. of Technology and Stockholm Univ. (Sweden)
  8. Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Basque Country (Spain); Tomsk State Univ. (Russia); Centro de Física de Materiales CFM-MPC and Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Basque Country (Spain)
  9. Max-Planck-Inst. für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (Germany); Johannes Kepler Univ., Linz (Austria)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
OSTI Identifier:
1368242
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1357847
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; FIS201348286-C02-02-P; FIS2013-48286-C02-01-P
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; band gap; electronic structure of atoms & molecules; first-principles calculations; topological materials; condensed matter & materials physics

Citation Formats

Polyakov, A., Tusche, C., Ellguth, M., Crozier, E. D., Mohseni, K., Otrokov, M. M., Zubizarreta, X., Vergniory, M. G., Geilhufe, M., Chulkov, E. V., Ernst, A., Meyerheim, H. L., and Parkin, S. S. P. Instability of the topological surface state in Bi2Se3 upon deposition of gold. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.180202.
Polyakov, A., Tusche, C., Ellguth, M., Crozier, E. D., Mohseni, K., Otrokov, M. M., Zubizarreta, X., Vergniory, M. G., Geilhufe, M., Chulkov, E. V., Ernst, A., Meyerheim, H. L., & Parkin, S. S. P. Instability of the topological surface state in Bi2Se3 upon deposition of gold. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.180202.
Polyakov, A., Tusche, C., Ellguth, M., Crozier, E. D., Mohseni, K., Otrokov, M. M., Zubizarreta, X., Vergniory, M. G., Geilhufe, M., Chulkov, E. V., Ernst, A., Meyerheim, H. L., and Parkin, S. S. P. Thu . "Instability of the topological surface state in Bi2Se3 upon deposition of gold". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.180202. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368242.
@article{osti_1368242,
title = {Instability of the topological surface state in Bi2Se3 upon deposition of gold},
author = {Polyakov, A. and Tusche, C. and Ellguth, M. and Crozier, E. D. and Mohseni, K. and Otrokov, M. M. and Zubizarreta, X. and Vergniory, M. G. and Geilhufe, M. and Chulkov, E. V. and Ernst, A. and Meyerheim, H. L. and Parkin, S. S. P.},
abstractNote = {Momentum-resolved photoemission spectroscopy indicates the instability of the Dirac surface state upon deposition of gold on the (0001) surface of the topological insulator Bi2Se3. Based on the structure model derived from extended x-ray absorption fine structure experiments showing that gold atoms substitute bismuth atoms, first-principles calculations provide evidence that a gap appears due to hybridization of the surface state with gold d states near the Fermi level. Here, our findings provide insights into the mechanisms affecting the stability of the surface state.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.180202},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 18,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Atomic relaxations at the (0001) surface of Bi 2 Se 3 single crystals and ultrathin films
journal, October 2014


Massive Dirac Fermion on the Surface of a Magnetically Doped Topological Insulator
journal, August 2010


Surface alloying and iron selenide formation in Fe/Bi 2 Se 3 ( 0001 ) observed by x-ray absorption fine structure experiments
journal, July 2015


Dirac materials
journal, January 2014


Spin resolved bandstructure imaging with a high resolution momentum microscope
journal, December 2015


Exchange interaction and its tuning in magnetic binary chalcogenides
journal, April 2014


Reactive Chemical Doping of the Bi 2 Se 3 Topological Insulator
journal, October 2011


STM Imaging of Electronic Waves on the Surface of Bi2Te3: Topologically Protected Surface States and Hexagonal Warping Effects
journal, January 2010

  • Alpichshev, Zhanybek; Analytis, J. G.; Chu, J.-H.
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 1, Article No. 016401
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.016401

Strong potential impurities on the surface of a topological insulator
journal, March 2012


Article
journal, August 1998

  • Jiang, D. T.; Crozier, E. D.
  • Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 76, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1139/p98-025

Quasiparticle dynamics in reshaped helical Dirac cone of topological insulators
journal, February 2013

  • Miao, L.; Wang, Z. F.; Ming, W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218104110

Rashba Spin-Splitting Control at the Surface of the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, October 2011


Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


Momentum-resolved Landau-level spectroscopy of Dirac surface state in Bi 2 Se 3
journal, August 2010


Experimental Realization of a Three-Dimensional Topological Insulator Phase in Ternary Chalcogenide TlBiSe 2
journal, September 2010


Subsurface impurities and vacancies in a three-dimensional topological insulator
journal, September 2012


Tolerance of Topological Surface States towards Magnetic Moments: Fe on Bi 2 Se 3
journal, June 2012


Atomic and electronic structure of bismuth-bilayer-terminated Bi 2 Se 3 (0001) prepared by atomic hydrogen etching
journal, May 2015


Nonmagnetic band gap at the Dirac point of the magnetic topological insulator (Bi1−xMnx)2Se3
journal, February 2016

  • Sánchez-Barriga, J.; Varykhalov, A.; Springholz, G.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10559

In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy of Fe Atoms on Bi 2 Se 3 ( 111 )
journal, June 2012


Effect of hydrostatic pressure and uniaxial strain on the electronic structure of Pb 1 x Sn x Te
journal, December 2015


Topological surface states protected from backscattering by chiral spin texture
journal, August 2009

  • Roushan, Pedram; Seo, Jungpil; Parker, Colin V.
  • Nature, Vol. 460, Issue 7259, p. 1106-1109
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08308

Large Tunable Rashba Spin Splitting of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in Bi 2 Se 3
journal, August 2011


Numerical solution of the relativistic single-site scattering problem for the Coulomb and the Mathieu potential
journal, October 2015

  • Geilhufe, Matthias; Achilles, Steven; Köbis, Markus Arthur
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 27, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/27/43/435202

Breaking time-reversal symmetry at the topological insulator surface by metal-organic coordination networks
journal, October 2015


Impurity-induced states on the surface of three-dimensional topological insulators
journal, June 2010


Visualizing spin-dependent bulk scattering and breakdown of the linear dispersion relation in Bi 2 Te 3
journal, October 2013


A topological insulator surface under strong Coulomb, magnetic and disorder perturbations
journal, December 2010

  • Wray, L. Andrew; Xu, Su-Yang; Xia, Yuqi
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1838

Coherent-Potential Model of Substitutional Disordered Alloys
journal, April 1967


Tuning the Dirac Point Position in Bi 2 Se 3 ( 0001 ) via Surface Carbon Doping
journal, September 2014


Tuning Dirac states by strain in the topological insulator Bi2Se3
journal, March 2014

  • Liu, Y.; Li, Y. Y.; Rajput, S.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2898

Dual nature of magnetic dopants and competing trends in topological insulators
journal, June 2016

  • Sessi, Paolo; Biswas, Rudro R.; Bathon, Thomas
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12027

Band Structure Engineering in Topological Insulator Based Heterostructures
journal, November 2013

  • Menshchikova, T. V.; Otrokov, M. M.; Tsirkin, S. S.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl403312y

Topological Character and Magnetism of the Dirac State in Mn-Doped Bi 2 Te 3
journal, August 2012


Ab initio angle-resolved photoemission in multiple-scattering formulation
journal, September 2001


Magnetic fluctuations in topological insulators with ordered magnetic adatoms: Cr on Bi 2 Se 3 from first principles
journal, February 2014


Low-energy electron reflection from Au-passivated Ir(0 0 1) for application in imaging spin-filters
journal, February 2015