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Title: Cooling a Mechanical Resonator with Nitrogen-Vacancy Centres Using a Room Temperature Excited State Spin-Strain Interaction

Cooling a mechanical resonator mode to a sub-thermal state has been a long-standing challenge in physics. This pursuit has recently found traction in the field of optomechanics in which a mechanical mode is coupled to an optical cavity. An alternate method is to couple the resonator to a well-controlled two-level system. Here we propose a protocol to dissipatively cool a room temperature mechanical resonator using a nitrogen-vacancy centre ensemble. The spin ensemble is coupled to the resonator through its orbitally-averaged excited state, which has a spin-strain interaction that has not been previously studied. We experimentally demonstrate that the spin-strain coupling in the excited state is 13.5 ± 0.5 times stronger than the ground state spin-strain coupling. Lastly, we then theoretically show that this interaction, combined with a high-density spin ensemble, enables the cooling of a mechanical resonator from room temperature to a fraction of its thermal phonon occupancy.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Center for Nanoscale Materials
  3. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Applied and Engineering Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; N000141410812; ECCS-15420819; AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1368077

MacQuarrie, E. R., Otten, M., Gray, S. K., and Fuchs, G. D.. Cooling a Mechanical Resonator with Nitrogen-Vacancy Centres Using a Room Temperature Excited State Spin-Strain Interaction. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms14358.
MacQuarrie, E. R., Otten, M., Gray, S. K., & Fuchs, G. D.. Cooling a Mechanical Resonator with Nitrogen-Vacancy Centres Using a Room Temperature Excited State Spin-Strain Interaction. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14358.
MacQuarrie, E. R., Otten, M., Gray, S. K., and Fuchs, G. D.. 2017. "Cooling a Mechanical Resonator with Nitrogen-Vacancy Centres Using a Room Temperature Excited State Spin-Strain Interaction". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14358. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368077.
@article{osti_1368077,
title = {Cooling a Mechanical Resonator with Nitrogen-Vacancy Centres Using a Room Temperature Excited State Spin-Strain Interaction},
author = {MacQuarrie, E. R. and Otten, M. and Gray, S. K. and Fuchs, G. D.},
abstractNote = {Cooling a mechanical resonator mode to a sub-thermal state has been a long-standing challenge in physics. This pursuit has recently found traction in the field of optomechanics in which a mechanical mode is coupled to an optical cavity. An alternate method is to couple the resonator to a well-controlled two-level system. Here we propose a protocol to dissipatively cool a room temperature mechanical resonator using a nitrogen-vacancy centre ensemble. The spin ensemble is coupled to the resonator through its orbitally-averaged excited state, which has a spin-strain interaction that has not been previously studied. We experimentally demonstrate that the spin-strain coupling in the excited state is 13.5 ± 0.5 times stronger than the ground state spin-strain coupling. Lastly, we then theoretically show that this interaction, combined with a high-density spin ensemble, enables the cooling of a mechanical resonator from room temperature to a fraction of its thermal phonon occupancy.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms14358},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}